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Machu Picchu, Peru
Machu Picchu, Peru

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel set high in the Andes Mountains in Peru, above the Urubamba River valley. Built in the 15th century and later abandoned.
Photo by Willian Justen de Vasconcellos
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Key facts

Capital: Lima

Location: Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

Government: Republic of Peru

Currency: nuevo sol (PEN)

Area: 1,285,216 sq km

Population: 32,201,224 (July 2021 est.)

Languages: Spanish (official) 82.9%, Quechua (official) 13.6%, Aymara (official) 1.6%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages) 0.8%, other (includes foreign languages and sign language) 0.2%, none 0.1%, unspecified 0.7% (2017 est.)

Religion: Roman Catholic 60%, Christian 14.6% (includes Evangelical 11.1%, other 3.5%), other 0.3%, none 4%, unspecified 21.1% (2017 est.)

TimeZone: UTC-5

Tel Code: +51

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