People smiling with llama Cusco, Peru
All Smiles!
Smiles for the tourists

All Smiles!

Smiles for the tourists

Machu Picchu, Peru
Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel set high in the Andes Mountains in Peru, above the Urubamba River valley. Built in the 15th century and later abandoned.

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel set high in the Andes Mountains in Peru, above the Urubamba River valley....

La Merced - Peru
La Merced
Despite the long distance from Peru's capital city, Lima, and due to its pleasant weather and exotic scenery, La Merced and its surrounding countryside remains a popular destination for domestic tourists.

La Merced

Despite the long distance from Peru's capital city, Lima, and due to its pleasant weather and exotic scenery,...

Lamas Colca Canyon - Peru
Colca Canyon
Llama's in the Colca Canyon, a river canyon in southern Peru famed as one of the world's deepest, is a well-known trekking destination.

Colca Canyon

Llama's in the Colca Canyon, a river canyon in southern Peru famed as one of the world's deepest, is a...

Peru flag

Peru Travel Information

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Key facts

Capital:

Lima

Location:

Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

Currency:

nuevo sol (PEN)

Area:

1,285,216 sq km

Population:

32,201,224 (July 2021 est.)

Languages:

Spanish (official) 82.9%, Quechua (official) 13.6%, Aymara (official) 1.6%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages) 0.8%, other (includes foreign languages and sign language) 0.2%, none 0.1%, unspecified 0.7% (2017 est.)

Religion:

Roman Catholic 60%, Christian 14.6% (includes Evangelical 11.1%, other 3.5%), other 0.3%, none 4%, unspecified 21.1% (2017 est.)

TimeZone:

UTC-5

Tel Code:

+51

Things to Do

  • 1. Machu Picchu

    Explore the ancient citadel of Machu Picchu, an iconic symbol of the Inca civilization. Marvel at the impressive stone architecture and soak in the breathtaking mountain views.

  • 2. Amazon Rainforest

    Embark on an unforgettable adventure in the Amazon rainforest. Discover diverse wildlife, hike through lush trails, and experience the unique ecosystem of the world's largest tropical rainforest.

  • 3. Cusco City Tour

    Immerse yourself in the rich history and culture of Cusco. Visit the iconic Cusco Cathedral, explore the ancient Inca ruins of Sacsayhuaman, and wander through the charming streets of the historic city center.

  • 4. Lake Titicaca

    Experience the beauty of Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world. Take a boat ride to the floating Uros Islands, where indigenous communities live on reed-made islands, and witness traditional customs and craftsmanship.

  • 5. Colca Canyon

    Admire the spectacular Colca Canyon, one of the deepest canyons in the world. Marvel at the flight of the majestic Andean condors and take in the breathtaking views of the rugged canyon landscape.

  • 6. Nazca Lines

    Discover the mysterious Nazca Lines, ancient geoglyphs etched into the desert floor. Take a thrilling flight over the lines and marvel at the intricate designs that have puzzled archaeologists for centuries.

  • 7. Rainbow Mountain

    Embark on a challenging hike to Rainbow Mountain, a stunning natural wonder known for its vibrant and striated colors. Capture breathtaking views of the surrounding snow-capped peaks and valleys.

  • 8. Huacachina Oasis

    Visit the enchanting Huacachina Oasis, a desert oasis surrounded by towering sand dunes. Experience thrilling sandboarding adventures and take a relaxing stroll around the picturesque lagoon.

  • 9. Sacred Valley

    Explore the Sacred Valley, a breathtaking stretch of land dotted with ancient Inca ruins, Andean villages, and terraced agricultural fields. Visit the impressive archaeological sites of Pisac and Ollantaytambo.

  • 10. Peruvian Cuisine Tour

    Indulge in the flavors of Peruvian cuisine on a food tour. Taste traditional dishes such as ceviche, lomo saltado, and pisco sour, and learn about the culinary traditions that make Peru a gastronomic paradise.

Weather

Climate

Peru is a country located in South America and it has a diverse climate, with different regions having different weather patterns. The country can be broadly divided into three regions: the coastal region, the highland region and the jungle region.

The coastal region, which includes places like Lima and Paracas, has a mild and arid climate with temperatures averaging around 20°C (68°F) and little rainfall.

The highland region, which includes places like Cusco and Machu Picchu, has a temperate and humid climate with temperatures averaging around 15°C (59°F) and moderate rainfall from November to March.

The jungle region, which includes places like Manu and Tambopata, has a tropical and humid climate with temperatures averaging around 25°C (77°F) and heavy rainfall throughout the year.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Peru depends on the type of activities you want to do and your preferences. The dry season, from May to October, is considered the best time to visit as the weather is more stable and the chances of rain are lower. This is also considered the peak tourist season, and the prices for accommodations and activities may be higher.

The rainy season, from November to April, is considered the low season for tourism, but it's also the time when the nature is more lush and the wildlife is more active, making it a great time for nature lovers. The weather during the rainy season is still warm and tropical, with occasional rain showers.

It's worth noting that the best time to visit the highland region, like Machu Picchu, is from April to October, as the weather is dry and the visibility is better. The best time to visit the jungle region, like Manu and Tambopata, is from December to April, when the weather is dryer, and the wildlife is more active.

Accommodation

Hotels

Peru has a wide range of hotels, from budget-friendly options to luxury resorts. You can find hotels in most of the major cities, towns, and tourist destinations. Many of the hotels in Peru are eco-friendly and have a strong focus on sustainability.

Guesthouses

Guesthouses are a popular option in Peru, as they offer comfortable and budget-friendly accommodations. They are typically run by local families, and they offer a unique way to experience the local culture and hospitality.

Vacation Rentals

Vacation rentals such as apartments, villas, and houses can be rented on a short-term basis. This is becoming an increasingly popular option in Peru, and it can be a great option for those looking for more privacy and space.

Tented camps and lodges

Tented camps and lodges are a popular option for those who want to experience the natural beauty of Peru, they are typically located in the national parks and reserves, and they offer comfortable and eco-friendly accommodations.

Homestays

Homestays are a great way to experience local culture and hospitality. They are typically run by local families, and they offer comfortable and budget-friendly accommodations.

Luxury lodges

Peru is also a popular destination for luxury lodges, which offer a range of facilities and activities, and all meals and drinks are included in the price. They are popular with families and couples, and can be found in the major tourist destinations such as Machu Picchu, the Amazon Rainforest, and the Colca Canyon.

Transportation

Air travel

Peru has several international airports including Jorge Chávez International Airport (LIM) in Lima, which is the capital city, Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport (CUZ) in Cusco and Francisco Secada Vignetta International Airport (IQT) in Iquitos. From there, you can take a domestic flight to reach other destinations in Peru. Most of the domestic flights are operated by major airlines such as LATAM, Avianca and Star Peru, and they connect the main cities and tourist destinations.

Bus travel

Buses are a popular and convenient way to travel around Peru, with extensive networks of long-distance and local buses that connect most of the cities and towns. Bus travel is relatively inexpensive, safe and comfortable. There are several bus companies that operate in the country, such as Cruz del Sur, Ormeño and Oltursa.

Car rental

Car rental is a great option for those who want to explore Peru at their own pace, it's widely available in most cities and towns. It's worth noting that the road conditions can be challenging in some remote areas, and it's important to have a valid driver's license and insurance. It's also important to be aware of the traffic rules and regulations, and be prepared for long-distance drives, as some of the tourist destinations can be far away from the major cities.

Taxis

Taxis are widely available in most cities and towns, and they are a convenient and safe way to get around. It's worth noting that it's best to use a licensed taxi and to agree on the fare before starting the journey.

Train travel

Train travel is a popular way to get to Machu Picchu, with the main train station being located in the city of Cusco. There are several train companies that operate in the country, such as PeruRail, Inca Rail and Andean Explorer.

Money

Currency

  • The official currency of Peru is the Peruvian Sol (PEN).
  • US dollars are widely accepted in many tourist areas, but it's recommended to have some local currency for smaller purchases.

Cash And Cards

  • It's advisable to carry both cash and cards while traveling in Peru.
  • Credit cards are widely accepted in hotels, restaurants, and larger stores, but smaller businesses may only accept cash.
  • Notify your bank of your travel plans to avoid any issues with your cards.

ATMs

  • ATMs are widely available in major cities and tourist areas.
  • Look for ATMs associated with major banks for the best exchange rates and lower withdrawal fees.
  • Be cautious of your surroundings and use ATMs located in well-lit areas.

Tipping

  • Tipping is not mandatory in Peru, but it is appreciated.
  • In restaurants, a 10% tip is customary if the service charge is not included.
  • Tip tour guides, drivers, and hotel staff for exceptional service.

Cost Of Living

  • The cost of living in Peru is relatively affordable compared to many Western countries.
  • Prices for accommodations, meals, and transportation can vary depending on the region.
  • Major cities like Lima and Cusco tend to be more expensive than rural areas.

Scams

  • Beware of counterfeit currency and always check your change.
  • Be cautious of strangers offering unsolicited assistance, especially with your belongings or transportation.
  • Avoid street vendors selling counterfeit goods and only purchase from reputable stores.