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Location:Central Asia, west of China, south of Kyrgyzstan
Currency:Tajikistani somoni (TJS)
Area:144,100 sq km
Population:8,990,874 (July 2021 est.)
Languages:Tajik (official) 84.4%, Uzbek 11.9%, Kyrgyz 0.8%, Russian 0.5%, other 2.4% (2010 est.)
Religion:Muslim 98% (Sunni 95%, Shia 3%) other 2% (2014 est.)
Things to Do
1. Hiking in the Pamir Mountains
Explore the stunning beauty of the Pamir Mountains on a hiking adventure. Marvel at the snow-capped peaks, crystal-clear lakes, and breathtaking valleys.
2. Visiting the Fann Mountains
Discover the picturesque Fann Mountains with their turquoise lakes and rugged peaks. Take a trekking tour to experience the natural wonders of this region.
3. Exploring the Pamir Highway
Embark on an unforgettable road trip along the Pamir Highway. Enjoy stunning landscapes, remote villages, and encounters with nomadic communities.
4. Rafting in the Zeravshan River
Get your adrenaline pumping with a thrilling rafting experience in the Zeravshan River. Encounter rapids, enjoy the scenic views, and have an exciting adventure.
5. Visiting the Iskanderkul Lake
Take a trip to the beautiful Iskanderkul Lake, known for its stunning turquoise color. Enjoy swimming, picnicking, and hiking in the surrounding area.
6. Climbing Mount Communism
Challenge yourself with a climb to the summit of Mount Communism, one of the highest peaks in the Pamir Mountains. Experience breathtaking views and a sense of accomplishment.
7. Visiting the Rudaki Park
Stroll through the beautiful Rudaki Park in Dushanbe, the capital city of Tajikistan. Enjoy the greenery, relax by the fountains, and take in the atmosphere.
8. Exploring the Khujand Fortress
Step back in time and explore the ancient Khujand Fortress. Learn about Tajikistan's history, marvel at the architecture, and enjoy panoramic views of the city.
9. Trekking in the Yagnob Valley
Embark on a trekking adventure in the remote Yagnob Valley. Immerse yourself in the untouched nature, interact with the Yagnobi people, and experience traditional village life.
10. Visiting the Pamir National Park
Discover the biodiversity of the Pamir National Park, home to rare species and unique ecosystems. Enjoy wildlife spotting, birdwatching, and hiking through pristine landscapes.
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Tajikistan has a diverse range of climates, depending on the region. In the low-lying areas, such as Dushanbe and Khujand, the climate is semi-arid with hot summers and mild winters. In the high-altitude regions, such as the Pamir and Fann Mountains, the climate is alpine with cool summers and cold winters. In the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, the climate is arid with hot summers and cold winters.
Best time to visit
The best time to visit Tajikistan depends on what you want to see and do during your trip. If you want to explore the low-lying areas and enjoy the warm weather, the best time to visit is from May to September. If you want to visit the high-altitude regions and see the snow-capped peaks, the best time to visit is from June to September. If you want to avoid the heat and crowds, the best time to visit is from October to April.
It is worth noting that even in the summer months, the high altitude regions can get very cold, so it is essential to pack warm clothes. Also, some of the high altitude passes may be closed during the winter months.
Tajikistan offers a wide range of hotel accommodation options to suit all budgets. In the major cities, such as Dushanbe and Khujand, there are several international standard hotels and resorts, as well as budget-friendly guesthouses. These hotels usually offer amenities like air-conditioning, private bathrooms, and internet access. Some of the well-known hotels include the Hyatt Regency Dushanbe, the Dushanbe Serena Hotel, and the Hotel Tajikistan.
Homestay accommodation is a great way to experience the local culture and hospitality of Tajikistan. Many local families offer homestay accommodation in their homes, where you can enjoy traditional meals and get a glimpse into the daily life of the local people. Homestay accommodation is available in all regions of the country, including the major cities and the remote villages of the Pamir and Fann Mountains.
Guesthouses and Hostels
Guesthouses and hostels are a budget-friendly option for travelers in Tajikistan. These accommodations usually offer shared rooms and bathrooms, and may have a more basic level of facilities. Guesthouses and hostels are common in major cities, such as Dushanbe, Khujand, and Khorog, and in the popular tourist destinations such as the Seven Lakes, the Wakhan Corridor and in the Pamir Mountains.
Camping and Trekking
For those who enjoy outdoor activities, camping and trekking in Tajikistan's nature and mountains is an option. There are several camping and trekking outfitter companies that provide camping gear, guides and support. Some of them also provide yurts or other traditional accommodation options.
Tajikistan has two main international airports, Dushanbe International Airport and Khujand International Airport. These airports connect Tajikistan to several cities in Central Asia, Russia, and Turkey. There are also several domestic airports that connect the major cities and the mountainous regions of the country.
Bus and Marshrutka Transportation
Buses and marshrutkas (minivans) are the most common form of public transportation in Tajikistan. They connect the major cities and towns, and also travel to remote areas. They are relatively cheap, but the comfort and quality of the buses and marshrutkas can vary.
Car rental is a popular option for visitors who prefer to explore the country on their own. There are several car rental companies in the major cities, such as Dushanbe and Khujand, that offer a wide range of vehicles for rent. It is worth noting that the roads in Tajikistan can be in poor condition, and it is essential to have a good map and a GPS device.
Taxis are widely available in the major cities, such as Dushanbe and Khujand, and can be hailed on the street or arranged through your hotel. They can be a convenient option for short trips, but the cost can add up quickly. It is recommended to negotiate the fare before starting the trip.
Tajikistan has a limited train service connecting Dushanbe to the northern cities of Khujand and Isfara, and to the border of Uzbekistan. These trains are relatively cheap but may not be as comfortable as other forms of transportation and the schedule may be limited.
It is worth noting that the availability and reliability of transportation options can vary depending on the location, time of the year and the weather conditions. It is recommended to have a plan B and be flexible with your plans. Also, it is essential to check the border crossing opening hours and requirements, especially if you plan to cross the border to neighboring countries.