Mountains in Kyrgyzstan
Mountains in Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan, officially the Kyrgyz Republic, is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia

Mountains in Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan, officially the Kyrgyz Republic, is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia

10 Best Places To Visit In Kyrgyzstan | Travel Video | Travel Guide | SKY Travel
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Kyrgyzstan Travel Information

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Key facts




Central Asia, west of China, south of Kazakhstan


soms (KGS)


199,951 sq km


6,018,789 (July 2021 est.)


Kyrgyz (official) 71.4%, Uzbek 14.4%, Russian (official) 9%, other 5.2% (2009 est.)


Muslim 90% (majority Sunni), Christian 7% (Russian Orthodox 3%), other 3% (includes Jewish, Buddhist, Baha'i) (2017 est.)



Tel Code:


Things to Do

  • 1. Hiking in the Tian Shan Mountains

    Experience breathtaking views and stunning natural landscapes while hiking in the beautiful Tian Shan Mountains in Kyrgyzstan. This activity is perfect for adventure enthusiasts and nature lovers.

  • 2. Exploring Lake Issyk-Kul

    Discover the crystal-clear waters and sandy beaches of Lake Issyk-Kul, the second largest alpine lake in the world. Enjoy swimming, sunbathing, and water activities in this pristine natural wonder.

  • 3. Visiting the Burana Tower

    Immerse yourself in history by visiting the ancient Burana Tower, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Explore the ruins of this 11th-century minaret and learn about the rich cultural heritage of Kyrgyzstan.

  • 4. Experiencing Nomadic Culture

    Immerse yourself in the unique nomadic culture of Kyrgyzstan by staying in yurts, learning traditional crafts, and participating in traditional ceremonies. Get a glimpse into the traditional way of life of the Kyrgyz people.

  • 5. Skiing in Karakol

    Enjoy world-class skiing in the picturesque town of Karakol, nestled in the Tien Shan Mountains. Whether you're a beginner or an experienced skier, Karakol offers a variety of slopes for all skill levels.

  • 6. Discovering Ala-Archa National Park

    Explore the stunning landscapes of Ala-Archa National Park, located just outside of Bishkek. Hike through alpine meadows, admire cascading waterfalls, and spot rare wildlife in this natural paradise.

  • 7. Cycling in the Pamir Highway

    Embark on an epic cycling adventure along the Pamir Highway, one of the highest and most challenging roads in the world. Experience breathtaking mountain views and remote wilderness along this iconic route.

  • 8. Exploring the Song Kol Lake

    Visit the picturesque Song Kol Lake, a high-altitude alpine lake surrounded by rolling hills and nomadic yurt camps. Experience the nomadic way of life and enjoy horseback riding in this serene setting.

  • 9. Rafting on the Chon-Kemin River

    Experience the thrill of whitewater rafting on the Chon-Kemin River, known for its challenging rapids and beautiful scenery. This activity is perfect for adrenaline junkies and adventure seekers.

  • 10. Visiting the Ala-Too Square

    Explore the heart of Bishkek at the Ala-Too Square, a bustling public square lined with shops, cafes, and government buildings. Admire the statue of Manas, a legendary figure in Kyrgyz folklore.



Kyrgyzstan has a continental climate, with long, cold winters and short, mild summers. The average temperature in the lowlands ranges from -5°C (23°F) in January to 20°C (68°F) in July, while in the mountains it ranges from -20°C (-4°F) to 15°C (59°F). The country receives most of its annual precipitation during the summer months, with the heaviest rainfalls in the northwest and lightest in the southeast.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Kyrgyzstan depends on what you want to see and do.

  • For trekking and hiking in the mountains, the best time to visit is from June to September, when the weather is mild and the snow has melted.
  • For skiing and snowboarding, the best time to visit is from December to March, when the mountains are covered in snow.
  • For horseback riding and experiencing nomadic culture, the best time to visit is from June to September, when the nomads move to the high pastures with their herds.
  • For hot air balloon rides, the best time to visit is from June to September when the weather is mild and stable. Overall, the summer months from June to September are the most popular time to visit Kyrgyzstan as the weather is milder and the snow has melted, which make it ideal for outdoor activities and exploring the natural beauty of the country. However, if you wish to avoid the crowds and enjoy a winter holiday, the winter months from December to March are also a great time to visit.




Beshbarmak, which means 'five fingers' in Kyrgyz, is a traditional Kyrgyz dish comprising boiled meat (often lamb or beef) and wide flat noodles, topped with onions and sometimes accompanied by a clear meat broth. The dish is typically eaten with the hands, with each finger representing a different aspect of life, such as health, wealth, and happiness.



Lagman is a popular noodle dish in Kyrgyzstan, consisting of hand-pulled noodles served with a savory and flavorful broth made with meat, vegetables, and various spices. It's a comforting and hearty dish with influences from Central Asian and Chinese cuisine.



Manty are steamed dumplings filled with seasoned meat (often lamb, beef, or a combination of both) and onions. The dough is usually thicker and sturdier, and the dumplings are traditionally served with a side of sour cream or yogurt. Manty are a staple in Kyrgyz cuisine and are often enjoyed with tea or as a part of festive meals.



Samsa is a savory pastry filled with minced meat (commonly lamb or beef), onions, and various spices. The pastry is typically baked in a tandoor or oven, resulting in a crisp and flaky exterior with a flavorful and aromatic filling. Samsa is a beloved snack or appetizer in Kyrgyzstan and can be found in traditional teahouses and at local events.



Chuchuk is a type of Kyrgyz sausage made with minced beef or horse meat, mixed with spices and typically stuffed into a natural casing. It is then smoked and dried, giving it a distinctive flavor and texture. Chuchuk is often enjoyed sliced and served as a cold or room-temperature snack, and it is a popular addition to communal feasts and celebrations.



Kyrgyzstan has a good variety of hotels that range from budget to luxury options. You can find international chain hotels in the major cities such as Bishkek and Osh, as well as smaller, locally-owned hotels and guesthouses in the more rural areas. Many hotels in Kyrgyzstan offer traditional Kyrgyz-style rooms, which can be a unique and authentic experience.


Staying in a yurt is a unique and traditional way to experience Kyrgyz culture. Yurts are portable, round tents that are typically made of felt and used by nomads. Many yurt camps can be found in Kyrgyzstan, especially in the rural areas near the mountains, and offer a comfortable and authentic way to experience nomadic life.


Guesthouses are a great option for budget-minded travelers. These small, locally-owned accommodations offer a comfortable and affordable place to stay, often with a home-like atmosphere. Guesthouses can be found in most towns and cities in Kyrgyzstan, and are a great way to meet and interact with locals.


Homestays are an excellent way to experience the local culture and learn about the daily lives of Kyrgyz people. You will be staying with a local family and have the opportunity to learn about their customs, traditions and even learn how to cook traditional Kyrgyz dishes. Homestays can be found in most towns and villages in Kyrgyzstan.


Kyrgyzstan is a great destination for outdoor enthusiasts and camping is a great way to experience the country's natural beauty. There are many designated camping sites, as well as the possibility to camp in the wild, but it is important to check with local authorities and get the necessary permissions.


Air travel

The main international airport in Kyrgyzstan is Manas International Airport, located just outside of the capital city of Bishkek. The airport offers flights to many major cities in Central Asia, as well as some destinations in Russia and Turkey. There are also a few domestic airports in Kyrgyzstan, with regular flights to major cities like Osh and Jalal-Abad.


Buses are a popular and inexpensive way to travel around Kyrgyzstan. There are many long-distance buses that connect the major cities and towns, as well as local buses that serve smaller villages and rural areas. Bus travel can be a bit uncomfortable and time-consuming, but it's a great way to see the country and meet locals.


Marshrutkas are minibuses that operate on set routes and are a common way to get around Kyrgyzstan. They are often faster and more comfortable than buses, and can be a good option for shorter journeys. Marshrutkas can be found in most towns and cities, and typically depart from a central location such as a bus station or market.


Taxis are widely available in Kyrgyzstan, and can be a convenient way to get around, especially in the larger cities. Taxis can be flagged down on the street or found at a taxi stand, and fares are usually negotiated in advance. It's always a good idea to agree on the price before starting the trip.

Car rental

Car rental is also an option in Kyrgyzstan, but it's recommended to have an experienced driver as the roads can be challenging, especially in the mountains. It's also important to have a good map and GPS, as well as insurance coverage, as many of the roads in Kyrgyzstan are not well-marked.



  • The currency of Kyrgyzstan is the Kyrgyzstani som (KGS).
  • The exchange rate is approximately 1 USD to 85 KGS.

Cash And Cards

  • Cash is the most commonly used form of payment in Kyrgyzstan.
  • Credit cards are accepted in larger establishments, but it's recommended to carry cash for smaller transactions.


  • ATMs are widely available in major cities and tourist areas.
  • It's advisable to inform your bank about your travel plans to avoid any issues with using your cards in Kyrgyzstan.


  • Tipping is not mandatory in Kyrgyzstan, but it is appreciated.
  • In restaurants, a 5-10% tip is customary if the service was satisfactory.

Cost Of Living

  • The cost of living in Kyrgyzstan is relatively low compared to Western countries.
  • Accommodation, transport, and food are generally affordable.


  • Be cautious of scams involving overcharging or counterfeit money.
  • It's advisable to exchange currency at official exchange offices or banks to avoid scams.