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Location:Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
Currency:Yemeni rials (YER)
Area:527,968 sq km
Population:30,399,243 (July 2021 est.)
Languages:Arabic (official); note - a distinct Socotri language is widely used on Socotra Island and Archipelago; Mahri is still fairly widely spoken in eastern Yemen
Religion:Muslim 99.1% (official; virtually all are citizens, an estimated 65% are Sunni and 35% are Shia), other 0.9% (includes Jewish, Baha'i, Hindu, and Christian; many are refugees or temporary foreign residents) (2020 est.)
Things to Do
1. Hiking in the Socotra Archipelago
Explore the unique flora and fauna of the Socotra Archipelago while hiking through its stunning landscapes. The archipelago is home to numerous endemic species and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
2. Visiting the Old City of Sana'a
Step back in time as you wander through the narrow, labyrinthine streets of the Old City of Sana'a. Admire the traditional Yemeni architecture and visit historic landmarks such as the Great Mosque of Sana'a.
3. Diving in the Red Sea
Discover the vibrant underwater world of the Red Sea, with its colorful coral reefs and abundant marine life. Whether you're a beginner or an experienced diver, there are dive sites suitable for all levels.
4. Exploring the Al Mahwit Region
Immerse yourself in the stunning natural beauty of the Al Mahwit Region, known for its picturesque mountains, valleys, and waterfalls. Take a hike, go birdwatching, or simply enjoy the peaceful atmosphere.
5. Climbing Mount Jabal an-Nabi Shu'ayb
Embark on a challenging climb up the highest peak in Yemen, Mount Jabal an-Nabi Shu'ayb. Enjoy panoramic views of the surrounding mountains and valleys as you reach the summit.
6. Cultural Tour of Shibam
Take a cultural tour of the ancient city of Shibam, often referred to as the 'Manhattan of the Desert'. Marvel at the towering mudbrick skyscrapers and learn about the city's rich history and traditions.
7. Relaxing on the Beaches of Socotra
Unwind and soak up the sun on the pristine beaches of Socotra. With crystal-clear turquoise waters, white sandy shores, and unique rock formations, it's the perfect spot for a beach getaway.
8. Exploring the Marib Dam
Visit the ancient Marib Dam, an engineering marvel that dates back thousands of years. Learn about its historical significance and explore the archaeological sites in the surrounding area.
9. Camping in the Empty Quarter
Experience the vastness of the Empty Quarter, the largest continuous sand desert in the world, by camping under the starry sky. Enjoy the silence and tranquility of the desert landscape.
10. Visiting the Deir el-Mehallet Monastery
Explore the ancient Deir el-Mehallet Monastery, located in the Wadi Hadhramaut. Admire the intricate architecture of the monastery and learn about its history and spiritual significance.
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Yemen has a diverse climate, with different regions experiencing different weather patterns. The coastal region, including the cities of Aden and Al Hudaydah, has a hot, arid climate. The temperature in this region can reach up to 40 degrees Celsius during the summer months and can be very humid. The highlands, including the cities of Sana'a and Taiz, have a more moderate climate, with cooler temperatures and higher rainfall. The mountains of Yemen, such as the Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb, have a cooler, alpine climate with snowfall in the winter months.
Best Time to Visit
The best time to visit Yemen depends on the region you plan to visit. For the coastal region, the best time to visit is from October to April when the weather is cooler and less humid. For the highlands, the best time to visit is from April to June when the weather is pleasant and the countryside is lush and green. If you plan to visit the mountains, the best time to visit is from December to February when the snow is on the ground.
Yemen has a limited number of hotels and resorts, mainly located in the major cities of Sana'a, Aden, and Taiz. These hotels range from budget-friendly options to luxury accommodations, and are equipped with amenities such as swimming pools, restaurants, and fitness centers. However, due to the political instability and security concerns, it's important to check the security situation before booking a hotel in a specific area.
Guesthouses are another option for accommodation in Yemen. They are typically family-run and offer a more traditional and authentic experience. They are usually located in the older, more historic neighborhoods and are a great way to immerse yourself in local culture.
Homestays are becoming increasingly popular in Yemen, and offer a unique opportunity to live with a local family and experience daily life in Yemen. These can be arranged through local tour operators or by contacting local families directly.
For those who want to experience the nature and rugged beauty of Yemen, camping is a popular option. There are a limited number of designated camping sites in the country, mainly located in the mountains and deserts, it's important to check with the local authorities before camping in any specific area.
It's important to note that the security situation in Yemen is unpredictable and can change rapidly. It's essential to check travel warnings and alerts before planning a trip to Yemen, and to exercise caution and follow local advice when traveling in the country.
Yemen has a limited number of airports, with the main airports being located in the cities of Sana'a, Aden, and Al Hudaydah. Yemenia, the national airline, offers flights to various destinations within Yemen and to neighboring countries. However, due to the ongoing conflict and the poor state of infrastructure, air travel in Yemen can be uncertain and subject to change.
Bus and Taxi
Buses and taxis are the most common form of transportation within Yemen. Buses are generally inexpensive, but can be overcrowded and not always in good condition. Taxis are widely available and are a reliable way to get around the city, but it's important to negotiate the fare before the trip, as prices can vary greatly.
Car rental is also an option, but it's important to be aware that the road conditions in Yemen can be poor and driving can be dangerous. It's important to check the local driving laws and regulations before renting a car and to exercise caution when driving on the roads.
There is no passenger trains in Yemen, but it's a possible to take a cargo train from Aden to Taiz.
- The currency of Yemen is the Yemeni rial (YER).
Cash And Cards
- It is recommended to carry cash in smaller denominations as many places do not accept credit cards.
- ATMs are available in major cities but may not be reliable, so it's best to carry enough cash.
- ATMs are available in major cities.
- However, they may not always be reliable, so it is advisable to carry enough cash.
- Tipping is not a common practice in Yemen.
- However, in more touristy areas, a small tip of 5-10% may be appreciated.
Cost Of Living
- The cost of living in Yemen is relatively low compared to other countries.
- Accommodation, transportation, and meals are generally inexpensive.
- Be cautious of scams targeting tourists, such as overcharging for goods or services.
- It is advisable to negotiate prices in advance and be aware of the local currency exchange rates.