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Petra, Jordan
Petra, Jordan

Petra

Petra is a famous archaeological site in Jordan's southwestern desert. Dating to around 300 B.C., it was the capital of the Nabatean Kingdom.
Photo by Brian Kairuz
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    Key facts

    Capital:Amman

    Location:Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia, between Israel (to the west) and Iraq

    Currency:Jordanian dinars (JOD)

    Area:89,342 sq km

    Population:10,909,567 (July 2021 est.)

    Languages:Arabic (official), English (widely understood among upper and middle classes)

    Religion:Muslim 97.1% (official; predominantly Sunni), Christian 2.1% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), Buddhist 0.4%, Hindu 0.1%, Jewish <0.1%, folk <0.1%, other <0.1%, unaffiliated <0.1% (2020 est.)

    TimeZone:UTC+2

    Tel Code:+962

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