Erbil, Iraq
Aerial view of the Erbil Bazzar in the City Center


Aerial view of the Erbil Bazzar in the City Center

15 Best Places to Visit in Iraq | Travel Video | Travel Guide | SKY Travel
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Iraq Travel Information

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Key facts




Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait


Iraqi dinars (IQD)


438,317 sq km


39,650,145 (July 2021 est.)


Arabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect), Syriac (Neo-Aramaic), and Armenian are official in areas where native speakers of these languages constitute a majority of the population


Muslim (official) 95-98% (Shia 64-69%, Sunni 29-34%), Christian 1% (includes Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Assyrian Church of the East), other 1-4% (2015 est.)



Tel Code:


Things to Do

  • 1. Explore the ancient city of Babylon

    Visit the archaeological site of Babylon and see the ruins of the ancient city. Learn about its rich history and cultural significance.

  • 2. Discover the ruins of Hatra

    Explore the ancient city of Hatra, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Marvel at the well-preserved ruins and learn about the unique architecture.

  • 3. Visit the holy city of Najaf

    Najaf is one of the holiest cities for Shia Muslims. Visit the Imam Ali Shrine and experience the spiritual atmosphere of this pilgrimage site.

  • 4. Explore the vibrant markets of Baghdad

    Immerse yourself in the bustling markets of Baghdad. Discover unique souvenirs, taste local culinary delights, and experience the lively atmosphere.

  • 5. Take a boat tour on the Tigris River

    Enjoy a leisurely boat tour on the Tigris River. Admire the scenic views of the surrounding landscapes and learn about the importance of the river in Iraqi history.

  • 6. Visit the Erbil Citadel

    Explore the ancient Erbil Citadel, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Wander through its narrow alleyways and learn about its historical significance.

  • 7. Hike in the Zagros Mountains

    Embark on a hiking adventure in the scenic Zagros Mountains. Enjoy the breathtaking views, spot wildlife, and experience the natural beauty of Iraq.

  • 8. Visit the Marshes of Southern Iraq

    Explore the unique wetlands of the Marshes in Southern Iraq. Take a boat ride and observe the diverse wildlife and traditional way of life of the Marsh Arabs.

  • 9. Discover the ancient city of Ur

    Visit the archaeological site of Ur and learn about the Sumerian civilization. Explore the well-preserved ruins and see the famous Ziggurat.

  • 10. Experience the Kurdish culture in Sulaymaniyah

    Sulaymaniyah is known for its rich Kurdish culture. Explore the bazaars, taste traditional cuisine, and learn about the history and traditions of the Kurdish people.



Iraq has a diverse climate, ranging from arid desert to subtropical.

In the southern and central regions, the climate is mostly arid or semi-arid with hot summers and cool winters. Average temperatures in the summer months can reach up to 40°C (104°F), while in the winter they can drop to below 0°C (32°F).

The northern regions have a more temperate climate with hot summers and cool, rainy winters. The mountainous areas in the north have a cooler climate, with snowfall in the winter months.

Rainfall is sporadic throughout the country, with the majority of it falling in the winter months. However, some areas, particularly in the south and center, receive very little rainfall.




Kebab is a popular dish in Iraq, consisting of grilled meat, often lamb or beef, seasoned with various spices and herbs. The meat is skewered and cooked over a charcoal fire, resulting in a delicious, smoky flavor. It is often served with rice or flatbread and accompanied by yogurt and fresh vegetables.



Dolma is a traditional Iraqi dish made of rice, minced meat, and a variety of herbs and spices, rolled in grape leaves. The rolls are then stewed in a tangy tomato broth until tender. Dolma is known for its aromatic filling and the succulent texture of the grape leaves.



Masgouf is a famous Iraqi grilled fish dish, typically made with carp. The fish is split open and seasoned with a blend of mild spices and tamarind, then slow-grilled over an open fire. The result is a smoky, tender fish with a unique flavor that is loved by locals and visitors alike.



Kubba is a savory dish consisting of bulgur wheat dough filled with spiced meat, onions, and pine nuts. The filled dough is shaped into balls or patties and then fried until golden and crispy. Kubba is often served with yogurt or tangy dipping sauces, adding a delightful contrast of flavors.



Biryani is a popular rice dish in Iraq, featuring aromatic basmati rice cooked with fragrant spices, tender meat (often chicken or lamb), and caramelized onions. The dish is known for its rich flavors and vibrant colors, making it a favorite choice for festive occasions and family gatherings.



  • The currency of Iraq is the Iraqi Dinar (IQD).
  • Currency exchange can be done at banks or currency exchange offices.
  • It's advisable to carry small denominations as larger bills may be difficult to change.

Cash And Cards

  • Cash is widely accepted in Iraq.
  • Debit and credit cards are accepted in major hotels, restaurants, and shops in major cities.
  • It's recommended to carry cash for small purchases and in rural areas.
  • Notify your bank before traveling to Iraq to avoid any issues with card usage.
  • Keep your cards and PIN secure, and be cautious when using ATMs.


  • ATMs can be found in major cities and tourist areas.
  • It's advisable to use ATMs located within banks or major shopping centers for security reasons.
  • Check with your bank regarding any international ATM fees or restrictions.


  • Tipping is not mandatory in Iraq but is appreciated for good service.
  • It's common to round up the bill or leave a small amount as a tip.
  • In upscale restaurants or hotels, a gratuity may already be included in the bill.

Cost Of Living

  • The cost of living in Iraq is relatively low compared to many other countries.
  • Accommodation, food, and transportation are generally affordable.
  • However, prices may vary depending on the location and type of establishment.


  • Be cautious of street vendors and unlicensed tour operators offering deals that seem too good to be true.
  • Avoid exchanging money with individuals on the street, as they may give counterfeit currency.
  • Use reputable taxi services or arrange transportation through trusted sources.