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Location:Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland, Romania, and Moldova in the west and Russia in the east
Area:603,550 sq km
Population:43,745,640 (July 2021 est.)
Languages:Ukrainian (official) 67.5%, Russian (regional language) 29.6%, other (includes small Crimean Tatar-, Moldovan/Romanian-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities) 2.9% (2001 est.); note - in February 2018, the Constitutional Court ruled that 2012 language legislation entitling a language spoken by at least 10% of an oblast's population to be given the status of "regional language" - allowing for its use in courts, schools, and other government institutions - was unconstitutional, thus making the law invalid; Ukrainian remains the country's only official nationwide language
Religion:Orthodox (includes the Orthodox Church of Ukraine (OCU), Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (UAOC), and the Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate (UOC-MP)), Ukrainian Greek Catholic, Roman Catholic, Protestant, Muslim, Jewish (2013 est.)
Things to Do
1. Chernobyl Tour
Explore the site of the infamous Chernobyl nuclear disaster and learn about its history and aftermath.
2. Lviv Old Town Walking Tour
Take a guided walking tour through the charming streets of Lviv's Old Town, admiring its historic architecture and learning about its rich history.
3. Kyiv Pechersk Lavra
Visit the Kyiv Pechersk Lavra, a historic Orthodox Christian monastery complex, and explore its underground caves and beautiful cathedrals.
4. Odessa Catacombs Tour
Descend into the mysterious catacombs beneath the city of Odessa and discover their fascinating history and secrets.
5. Carpathian Mountains Hiking
Embark on a hiking adventure in the Carpathian Mountains, enjoying breathtaking views and exploring the beautiful natural landscapes.
6. Kamyanets-Podilskyi Castle
Step back in time as you visit the impressive Kamyanets-Podilskyi Castle, a medieval fortress with stunning architecture and panoramic views.
7. Kharkiv Mirror Stream
Marvel at the unique Mirror Stream fountain in Kharkiv, which creates stunning visual effects with its water and light displays.
8. Odesa Opera and Ballet Theater
Attend a mesmerizing performance at the Odesa Opera and Ballet Theater, known for its stunning architecture and world-class productions.
9. Kamianets-Podilskyi Old Town
Stroll through the picturesque streets of Kamianets-Podilskyi's Old Town, admiring its well-preserved historic buildings and charming atmosphere.
10. Andriyivsky Descent
Explore the Andriyivsky Descent, a historic street in Kyiv lined with art galleries, souvenir stalls, and traditional Ukrainian crafts.
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Ukraine has a moderate continental climate with warm summers and cold winters. The climate varies across the country, with more extreme temperatures in the east and milder temperatures in the west. Here are some details on the climate and the best time to visit Ukraine:
- Summers (June to August) are warm and humid, with temperatures ranging from 20-30°C (68-86°F) on average.
- Winters (December to February) are cold and snowy, with temperatures ranging from -5°C to -15°C (23-5°F) on average.
- Spring and autumn are mild with moderate rainfall.
Best time to visit Ukraine
The best time to visit Ukraine is during the shoulder seasons of spring (April to May) and autumn (September to November) when the weather is mild and the crowds are fewer. This is also a good time to explore the countryside and enjoy outdoor activities such as hiking and cycling.
If you are interested in winter sports such as skiing or snowboarding, then the winter months (December to February) are a good time to visit. The Carpathian Mountains offer excellent ski resorts and winter activities.
The summer months (June to August) are a good time to explore the cities and cultural attractions. The weather is warm, and there are many festivals and events taking place throughout the country. However, be prepared for crowds and higher prices during this time.
Ukraine has a range of hotels, from budget-friendly options to luxury hotels. Most major cities have international hotel chains as well as local hotels. Prices vary depending on the location and the level of luxury.
Hostels are a popular option for budget-conscious travelers, especially in the larger cities. They offer dormitory-style accommodations as well as private rooms at more affordable rates.
Guesthouses and Bed & Breakfasts
Guesthouses and Bed & Breakfasts are a good option for travelers who want a more personalized experience. They are often family-run and offer a comfortable and homely atmosphere. They are also a good option for those traveling to more rural areas.
Apartments and Vacation Rentals
Apartments and vacation rentals are a good option for travelers who want more space and privacy. They are often cheaper than hotels and offer a kitchen, which can save money on meals.
Homestays are a good option for travelers who want an authentic cultural experience. They offer the opportunity to stay with a local family and experience their way of life. Homestays are available in most major cities and some rural areas.
Camping is a good option for travelers who want to explore the Ukrainian countryside. There are many campsites available, especially in the Carpathian Mountains. However, be prepared for basic facilities and bring your own camping gear.
Public transport is widely available in Ukraine, with buses, trams, trolleybuses, and metro systems operating in the major cities. The cost of public transport is relatively cheap, and it's a good way to get around the city. You can also travel between cities by train or bus.
Taxis are widely available in Ukraine, and they are relatively cheap. You can flag down a taxi on the street, or you can use a ride-hailing app such as Uber or Bolt.
Car rental is a good option for those who want to explore the countryside and smaller towns. Major international car rental companies have offices in Ukraine, and there are also local rental companies. However, be prepared for some challenging driving conditions in certain parts of the country.
Cycling is a good option for those who want to explore the cities and countryside. Many cities have dedicated bike lanes, and there are also several cycling routes in the countryside.
If you are traveling long distances, domestic flights are a good option. Ukraine has several domestic airlines that offer flights between major cities.
If you want to visit Crimea, you can take a ferry from several ports in southern Ukraine. The ferries run several times a day, and the journey takes around two hours.
- The currency of Ukraine is the Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH).
Cash And Cards
- It is recommended to carry both cash and cards in Ukraine.
- Credit cards are widely accepted in major cities and tourist areas.
- However, it is advisable to carry some cash for small establishments and rural areas.
- ATMs are widely available throughout Ukraine.
- It is recommended to use ATMs located in well-lit and secure areas.
- Be cautious of skimming devices and avoid using ATMs that appear suspicious.
- Notify your bank before traveling to Ukraine to avoid any issues with card usage.
- Tipping is not mandatory in Ukraine, but appreciated for good service.
- In restaurants, a 5-10% tip is customary if the service was satisfactory.
- It is common to round up the bill in taxis, or give a small tip for exceptional service.
Cost Of Living
- Ukraine has a relatively low cost of living compared to many European countries.
- Accommodation, transportation, and dining out are generally affordable.
- However, prices can vary depending on the city and tourist popularity.
- It is recommended to have some cash on hand for small purchases and transportation fares.
- Be cautious of scams targeting tourists, such as fake police officers asking for identification or bribes.
- Avoid exchanging currency with street vendors or unofficial exchange offices.
- Use licensed taxi services or reputable ride-sharing apps.
- Keep an eye on your belongings in crowded areas to prevent pickpocketing.