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Sunset view of Gran Via in Madrid
Sunset view of Gran Via in Madrid

Madrid

Sunset view of Gran Via in Madrid
Photo by Florian Wehde

SPAIN

Europe

SPAIN

Europe

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Key facts

Capital: Madrid

Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, and Pyrenees Mountains; southwest of France

Government: Kingdom of Spain

Currency: euros (EUR)

Area: 505,370 sq km

Population: 47,260,584 (July 2021 est.)

Languages: Castilian Spanish (official nationwide) 74%, Catalan (official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian)) 17%, Galician (official in Galicia) 7%, Basque (official in the Basque Country and in the Basque-speaking area of Navarre) 2%, Aranese (official in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran) along with Catalan, <5,000 speakers); note - Aragonese, Aranese Asturian, Basque, Calo, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

Religion: Roman Catholic 58.2%, atheist 16.2%, agnostic 10.8%, other 2.7%, non-believer 10.5%, unspecified 1.7% (2021 est.)

TimeZone: UTC+1

Tel Code: +34

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