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Location:Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine
Area:238,391 sq km
Population:21,230,362 (July 2021 est.)
Languages:Romanian (official) 85.4%, Hungarian 6.3%, Romani 1.2%, other 1%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)
Religion:Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 81.9%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformed and Pentecostal) 6.4%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, other (includes Muslim) 0.9%, none or atheist 0.2%, unspecified 6.3% (2011 est.)
Things to Do
1. Bran Castle
Explore the famous Bran Castle, commonly known as Dracula's Castle. Admire the stunning architecture and learn about the history and legends surrounding the castle. Located in Transylvania, Romania.
2. Peles Castle
Visit the exquisite Peles Castle, a masterpiece of Neo-Renaissance architecture. Marvel at the opulent interiors and beautiful gardens. Located in Sinaia, Romania.
3. Danube Delta
Embark on a boat tour of the Danube Delta, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Discover the unique biodiversity of this wetland habitat and spot various bird species. Located in Dobrogea, Romania.
4. Transfagarasan Highway
Drive along the scenic Transfagarasan Highway, often referred to as one of the most spectacular roads in the world. Enjoy breathtaking views of the Carpathian Mountains. Located in Transylvania, Romania.
5. Merry Cemetery
Visit the unique Merry Cemetery in Sapanta, known for its colorful tombstones adorned with humorous epitaphs. Learn about Romanian folklore and traditions. Located in Maramures, Romania.
6. Palace of the Parliament
Explore the imposing Palace of the Parliament, the world's heaviest building and one of the largest administrative buildings. Take a guided tour of its lavish interiors. Located in Bucharest, Romania.
7. Turda Salt Mine
Descend into the fascinating Turda Salt Mine, an underground wonder with impressive halls, underground lakes, and even a Ferris wheel. Located in Turda, Romania.
8. Sighisoara Citadel
Step back in time as you explore the charming Sighisoara Citadel, a medieval fortified town and a UNESCO World Heritage site. Visit the Clock Tower and the birthplace of Vlad the Impaler. Located in Transylvania, Romania.
9. Rasnov Fortress
Visit the impressive Rasnov Fortress, a medieval fortress perched on a hilltop offering panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. Learn about its history and legends. Located in Transylvania, Romania.
10. Bear Watching
Embark on a thrilling bear watching experience in the Carpathian Mountains. Observe these magnificent creatures in their natural habitat. Located in Brasov, Romania.
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Romania has a temperate-continental climate, with four distinct seasons. The summers are warm and the winters can be cold, with temperatures dropping below freezing. The country experiences an average of around 2,500 hours of sunshine per year. Romania is known for having a high amount of rainfall, particularly in the western and northern regions of the country.
Best time to visit
The best time to visit Romania depends on what you're looking to do and see. The high season for tourism runs from June to September, when the weather is warm and sunny, and the chance of rain is low. This is also when the majority of festivals and events take place.
If you're looking to experience the winter sports, the low season is from December to March, with the best snow conditions in the Carpathian Mountains and the ski resorts.
If you're looking to avoid the crowds and enjoy more affordable prices, the shoulder seasons (April, May, October and November) can be a good option. This is also the best time to visit if you're interested in hiking or exploring the countryside, as the temperature is mild and the scenery is beautiful.
Overall, the best time to visit Romania would be from June to September, when the weather is warm and sunny, and the chance of rain is low. But if you're looking for fewer crowds and more affordable prices, the shoulder seasons, from April to May and October to November, are best.
Romania offers a wide range of accommodation options, from luxury resorts to budget-friendly hotels. Many of the hotels in Romania are government-run, and they vary widely in terms of quality and facilities. Some of the newer and more luxurious hotels are in the major cities and tourist destinations like Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, and Timisoara.
Guesthouses and Bed and Breakfasts
Guesthouses and bed and breakfasts are a popular option for accommodation in Romania, particularly in rural areas and small towns. They offer a unique and authentic experience of Romanian culture and lifestyle, and they are often more affordable than hotels.
Vacation rentals, such as apartments and villas, are becoming increasingly popular in Romania. These can be a great option for families or groups of friends who want more space and privacy. Many vacation rental options are available online, such as Airbnb and Booking.com.
Camping is a common option for accommodation in Romania, particularly in the summertime and in the mountains areas. There are several designated campsites in the country, both in the countryside and in the mountain, where you can rent a tent or a cabin, and enjoy the nature.
Overall, the best way to get around Romania will depend on your travel plans and budget. Hotels and guesthouses are the most popular options for accommodation, with a wide range of choices available. Vacation rentals and camping are also an option, and are particularly popular in summer and in the mountain regions.
Romania has an extensive public transportation network, which includes buses, trains, and trams. Public transportation is relatively cheap and efficient, but it can be crowded, especially during peak hours. The main forms of public transportation are the state-run buses and trains, which connect major cities and towns.
Taxis are widely available in Romania's major cities, and they can be a convenient option for getting around. However, it is important to note that the quality and safety of the vehicles can vary, and prices are often negotiated rather than being based on a meter.
Cars and Bikes
Renting a car or bike is another option for getting around Romania. This can be a great way to explore the country's rural areas and have more flexibility on your trip. However, it's important to keep in mind that driving in Romania can be challenging, with poorly maintained roads and unpredictable driving habits.
Air travel is another option to move within the country. Romania has several airports, such as Henri Coandă International Airport in Bucharest, and it is connected to major destinations around the world. It also has regular domestic flights between major cities like Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara and Iasi.
Overall, the best way to get around Romania will depend on your travel plans and budget. Public transportation is relatively cheap and efficient, but it can be crowded.
- The currency in Romania is the Romanian leu (RON).
Cash And Cards
- It is recommended to carry both cash and debit/credit cards in Romania.
- Cash is widely accepted, especially in small establishments or rural areas.
- Major credit cards such as Visa and Mastercard are generally accepted in tourist areas and larger cities.
- ATMs are widely available in Romania.
- They can be found in most cities, towns, and tourist areas.
- ATMs usually dispense Romanian leu (RON) and some may also offer the option to withdraw euros.
- Tipping in Romania is not mandatory, but it is appreciated for good service.
- In restaurants, it is customary to tip around 10% of the bill.
- In hotels, you can tip the hotel staff, such as the concierge or housekeeping, if you are satisfied with the service.
Cost Of Living
- The cost of living in Romania is generally lower compared to Western European countries.
- Accommodation, food, and transportation are relatively affordable.
- Prices may vary depending on the location, with larger cities generally being more expensive.
- Be cautious of common scams in tourist areas, such as pickpocketing, overcharging, and fake beggars.
- Be wary of individuals offering unsolicited help or trying to distract you.
- Always keep an eye on your belongings and be cautious when using ATMs or exchanging money.