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Location:Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey
Area:131,957 sq km
Population:10,569,703 (July 2021 est.)
Languages:Greek (official) 99%, other (includes English and French) 1%
Religion:Greek Orthodox 81-90%, Muslim 2%, other 3%, none 4-15%, unspecified 1% (2015 est.)
Things to Do
1. Explore the Acropolis
Visit the iconic Acropolis in Athens, Greece. Marvel at the ancient temples, including the Parthenon, and learn about the rich history and culture of Greece.
2. Relax on Santorini's Beaches
Enjoy the breathtaking views and crystal-clear waters of Santorini's beautiful beaches. Unwind, swim, and soak up the sun in this picturesque Greek island.
3. Hike the Samaria Gorge
Embark on an adventurous hike through the stunning Samaria Gorge in Crete. Experience the natural beauty of the gorge, spot wildlife, and challenge yourself with the long trail.
4. Discover Delphi's Ancient Ruins
Explore the archaeological site of Delphi, known as the center of the world in ancient Greece. Admire the ruins of the Temple of Apollo and the Delphi Theater.
5. Sail around the Greek Islands
Embark on a sailing adventure and explore the enchanting Greek Islands. Discover hidden coves, swim in turquoise waters, and experience the charm of each island.
6. Visit the Palace of Knossos
Step back in time and visit the ancient Palace of Knossos in Crete. Discover the remnants of the Minoan civilization and learn about the myths and legends of the palace.
7. Explore the Meteora Monasteries
Marvel at the impressive Meteora Monasteries perched on towering rock formations in central Greece. Discover the spiritual history and enjoy stunning panoramic views.
8. Taste Greek Cuisine in Thessaloniki
Indulge in the flavors of Greek cuisine in Thessaloniki. Try traditional dishes such as moussaka, souvlaki, and baklava, and experience the vibrant food scene of the city.
9. Relive History at Olympia
Visit the birthplace of the Olympic Games and explore the ancient site of Olympia. Wander through the ruins and imagine the historic events that took place in this sacred place.
10. Experience Nightlife in Mykonos
Party the night away in the lively island of Mykonos. Enjoy the vibrant nightlife, dance to the beats of world-renowned DJs, and experience the energetic atmosphere of the island.
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Greece has a Mediterranean climate, characterized by mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. The country's coastal areas typically experience the most moderate temperatures, while temperatures in the interior can be quite hot during the summer months. The Greek islands generally have a slightly milder climate than the mainland.
Best Time to Visit
The best time to visit Greece depends on what you are looking for. For those interested in beaches and warm weather, the summer months (June to September) are ideal. However, these months can also be quite crowded and expensive. If you're interested in exploring ancient ruins and historical sites, the shoulder seasons (April to May and September to October) are a good choice as the weather is milder and there are fewer tourists.
It's worth noting that the peak tourist season runs from June to August, and many popular destinations can become very crowded during this time. If you're looking to avoid the crowds and save money, consider visiting Greece in the spring or fall.
Greece offers a wide range of accommodation options, including luxury hotels, boutique hotels, and traditional Greek guesthouses. Many hotels are located in beach resorts and offer sea views, swimming pools, and other amenities. In the major cities, you will also find hotels that are more centrally located, providing easy access to cultural and historical sites.
Vacation rentals, such as apartments, villas, and houses, are becoming increasingly popular in Greece. These properties offer more privacy and space than hotels and can be a good option for families or groups traveling together. You can find vacation rentals in most destinations in Greece, from the bustling cities to the quiet islands.
Greece is also known for its traditional accommodation options, such as cave houses, stone houses, and traditional houses. These types of accommodation can give you an authentic experience of the local culture and lifestyle. They are mostly found in the traditional villages and islands, and often offer excellent views of the surroundings.
Camping is also an option in Greece, with many campsites located near beaches and natural parks. These sites offer basic facilities, such as toilets and showers, and often have a cafe or snack bar. Camping is a budget-friendly option and allows you to explore the outdoors and enjoy the natural beauty of Greece.
The main international airport in Greece is Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport, located in Athens. From there, you can fly to other destinations within Greece, including the Greek islands. The national carrier Olympic Air and Aegean Airlines are the main airlines in Greece and operate flights to various destinations in Greece, including many of the islands.
Ferries are a popular and convenient way to travel between the Greek islands and the mainland. There are many ferry companies that operate regular services, and you can find schedules and book tickets online. Some of the most popular routes include Athens to the Cyclades, the Dodecanese, and the Saronic Gulf islands.
Buses are a budget-friendly option for traveling within Greece, with many companies operating services between major cities and towns. Bus travel is a good option for getting around the mainland, and there are also bus services that connect the mainland with the islands.
Car rental is another option if you want to explore Greece at your own pace. Most major car rental companies have branches at airports and in major cities, and you can also find local car rental companies. Keep in mind that driving in Greece can be challenging, especially in the cities and on the islands, so make sure you are comfortable driving in these conditions before renting a car.
Taxis are widely available in Greece and can be hailed on the street or called by phone. They are a convenient option for short trips, but they can be more expensive than other forms of transportation. Always make sure to agree on the fare before starting the trip to avoid any misunderstandings later on.
- Use the Euro (€) currency in Greece.
Cash And Cards
- It's recommended to carry some cash for small purchases, especially in rural areas.
- Credit and debit cards are widely accepted in most establishments, but it's always a good idea to have some cash on hand.
- ATMs are widely available in major cities and tourist areas.
- Be aware that some ATMs may charge a fee for withdrawals.
- Check with your bank about any international withdrawal fees.
- Tipping is not mandatory in Greece, but it is appreciated for good service.
- In restaurants, rounding up the bill or leaving a small percentage (5-10%) is common.
- Taxi drivers usually expect a small tip, rounding up the fare is sufficient.
Cost Of Living
- Greece is generally an affordable destination.
- Prices for food, accommodation, and transportation are lower compared to other European countries.
- However, popular tourist areas and islands can be more expensive.
- Be cautious of pickpockets in crowded tourist areas, like Athens and popular islands.
- Avoid street vendors selling counterfeit goods.
- Be wary of scams involving fake police officers or taxi drivers overcharging tourists.