WhereNext Experiences


Darvaza Gas Crater

The Darvaza gas crater, also known as the Door to Hell or Gates of Hell, is a natural gas field collapsed into a cavern near Darvaza.
Photo by Ybrayym Esenov





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Key facts

Capital: Ashgabat (Ashkhabad)

Location: Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Kazakhstan

Government: none

Currency: Turkmenistani manat (TMM)

Area: 488,100 sq km

Population: 5,579,889 (July 2021 est.)

Languages: Turkmen (official) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%

Religion: Muslim 93%, Christian 6.4%, Buddhist <1%, folk religion <1%, Jewish <1%, other <1%, unspecified <1% (2020 est.)

TimeZone: UTC+5

Tel Code: +993

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