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Capital:Baku (Baki, Baky)
Location:Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia, with a small European portion north of the Caucasus range
Currency:Azerbaijani manats (AZN)
Area:86,600 sq km
Population:10,282,283 (July 2021 est.)
Languages:Azerbaijani (Azeri) (official) 92.5%, Russian 1.4%, Armenian 1.4%, other 4.7% (2009 est.)
Religion:Muslim 96.9% (predominantly Shia), Christian 3%, other <0.1, unaffiliated <0.1 (2010 est.)
Things to Do
1. Visit the Maiden Tower
Explore the historic Maiden Tower, a 12th-century monument and UNESCO World Heritage Site. Climb to the top for panoramic views of Baku and the Caspian Sea.
2. Explore the Old City of Baku
Wander through the narrow streets of the Old City, known as Icherisheher, and discover its medieval architecture, mosques, and palaces.
3. Visit the Heydar Aliyev Center
Marvel at the futuristic architecture of the Heydar Aliyev Center, designed by renowned architect Zaha Hadid. Explore its exhibitions and learn about Azerbaijani culture.
4. Take a Mud Volcano Tour
Embark on an adventurous tour to the unique mud volcanoes of Azerbaijan. Experience the bubbling mud and learn about the geological wonders of the region.
5. Visit the Palace of the Shirvanshahs
Step back in time at the Palace of the Shirvanshahs, a medieval royal residence in Baku. Admire its ornate architecture and learn about Azerbaijan's history.
6. Discover the Yanar Dag Fire Mountain
Witness the natural phenomenon of Yanar Dag, a burning mountain that has been continuously aflame for centuries. Marvel at the flames that never extinguish.
7. Explore the Gobustan National Park
Discover ancient rock carvings and mud volcanoes in the Gobustan National Park. Learn about Azerbaijan's prehistoric past and its unique natural landscapes.
8. Visit the Ateshgah Fire Temple
Visit the Ateshgah Fire Temple, a unique religious site that once served as a place of worship for Zoroastrians. Explore its intriguing history and architecture.
9. Take a Boat Tour on the Caspian Sea
Enjoy a scenic boat tour on the Caspian Sea and admire the beautiful coastline of Azerbaijan. Experience the tranquility of the sea and capture stunning photos.
10. Visit the Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape
Explore the fascinating Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape, a UNESCO World Heritage Site featuring thousands of rock carvings and petroglyphs.
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Azerbaijan has a varied climate, with the regions of the country having different weather conditions. The western regions have a humid subtropical climate, with mild winters and hot summers. The central regions have a semi-arid climate, with hot summers and cold winters. The eastern regions have a mountain climate, with cold winters and cool summers.
Best time to visit
The best time to visit Azerbaijan depends on the specific area you plan to visit and your personal preferences. The best time to visit the western regions of Azerbaijan is from May to September, when the weather is warm and dry. The best time to visit the central regions is from April to October, when the weather is mild. The best time to visit the eastern regions is from June to September, when the weather is mild and the mountain passes are free of snow. Generally, the months of April to October are the best time to visit Azerbaijan to enjoy the mild weather, and avoid the cold and rainy winter months.
Azerbaijan offers a wide range of hotel accommodations, from budget-friendly options to luxury resorts. Visitors can find hotels in major cities such as Baku, Ganja, and Mingachevir. Baku, the capital city, has a wide range of hotels including international chains and local boutique hotels.
Guesthouses and Homestays
Another option for accommodation in Azerbaijan is to stay in a guesthouse or homestay. These types of accommodations are often located in rural areas and offer a more traditional and authentic experience. Visitors can expect to find simple yet comfortable rooms and home-cooked meals.
Camping and Glamping
For those looking for more outdoor experiences, camping and glamping are options in Azerbaijan. There are several campsites located in national parks and protected areas, as well as glamping sites with amenities such as hot showers, toilets and even Wi-Fi.
Azerbaijan has a rich cultural heritage and traditional accommodation options are available for those looking for a unique experience. Visitors can stay in a yurt, a traditional nomadic dwelling, or in a mud-brick house known as a qala. These options are usually found in rural areas, and are a great way to experience the local culture.
Azerbaijan has a well-developed public transportation system, with buses and metro services available in major cities such as Baku. Taxis are also widely available and are a convenient and affordable option for getting around the city.
Renting a car is another option for getting around Azerbaijan, and it can be a convenient way to explore the country at your own pace. There are several car rental companies available in Azerbaijan, with a variety of vehicles on offer.
Trains are also available in Azerbaijan, connecting major cities such as Baku and Ganca. Train travel is a comfortable and affordable option, and a great way to see the country's beautiful landscapes.
For longer distances, air travel is the most convenient option to move around Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan Airlines operates flights from Baku to various domestic and international destinations. It is also possible to find low-cost airlines that fly to Azerbaijan.
- The currency in Azerbaijan is the Azerbaijani manat (AZN).
Cash And Cards
- It is recommended to carry cash in smaller denominations as some businesses may not accept large bills.
- Credit cards are widely accepted in major cities, but it is advisable to carry cash for smaller establishments and rural areas.
- ATMs are common in major cities like Baku and accept international cards.
- It is advisable to use ATMs located in banks or secure areas to minimize the risk of card skimming.
- Tipping is not mandatory in Azerbaijan, but it is appreciated for good service.
- It is common to leave a 10% tip at restaurants, cafes, and bars if the service was satisfactory.
Cost Of Living
- Azerbaijan has a relatively low cost of living compared to many European countries.
- Accommodation, transportation, and dining out are generally affordable.
- Prices may vary between cities, with Baku being more expensive.
- Beware of taxi drivers who may overcharge tourists.
- It is advisable to agree on a price before starting the journey or use a reputable taxi service.
- Be cautious of pickpockets in crowded areas and keep valuable belongings secure.