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Location:Southwestern Asia, between Turkey (to the west) and Azerbaijan; note - Armenia views itself as part of Europe; geopolitically, it can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East, or both
Area:29,743 sq km
Population:3,011,609 (July 2021 est.)
Languages:Armenian (official) 97.9%, Kurdish (spoken by Yezidi minority) 1%, other 1%; note - Russian is widely spoken (2011 est.)
Religion:Armenian Apostolic 92.6%, Evangelical 1%, other 2.4%, none 1.1%, unspecified 2.9% (2011 est.)
Things to Do
1. Explore Geghard Monastery
Visit the stunning Geghard Monastery, a UNESCO World Heritage site located in the Kotayk Province. Marvel at the intricate medieval architecture and learn about the rich history of the monastery.
2. Hike Mount Ararat
Embark on an adventurous hike to the summit of Mount Ararat, the highest peak in Turkey and Armenia. Enjoy breathtaking views of the surrounding landscapes and witness the mesmerizing beauty of this iconic mountain.
3. Visit Lake Sevan
Spend a relaxing day at Lake Sevan, the largest lake in Armenia. Enjoy swimming, fishing, or simply basking in the sun on the lake's scenic beaches. Visit the Sevanavank Monastery located on the peninsula for a glimpse into Armenia's rich cultural heritage.
4. Explore Yerevan
Discover the vibrant capital city of Yerevan, known for its rich history, beautiful architecture, and lively atmosphere. Visit the iconic landmarks such as the Republic Square, Cascade Complex, and the Armenian Genocide Memorial. Explore the city's museums, art galleries, and vibrant street markets.
5. Visit Tatev Monastery
Take a trip to Tatev Monastery, a medieval Armenian Apostolic monastery located in the Syunik Province. Ride the Wings of Tatev, the world's longest reversible cable car, and enjoy breathtaking views of the surrounding mountains. Explore the monastery's intricate architecture and learn about its fascinating history.
6. Wine Tasting in Areni
Indulge in a wine tasting experience in the town of Areni, known for its vineyards and wine production. Sample a variety of Armenian wines, including the famous Areni red wine, and learn about the winemaking process. Enjoy the picturesque countryside and explore the local wine cellars.
7. Visit Noravank Monastery
Visit Noravank Monastery, a 13th-century Armenian monastery located in the Vayots Dzor Province. Admire the monastery's stunning red sandstone architecture and intricate stone carvings. Explore the surrounding gorge and enjoy panoramic views of the countryside.
8. Explore Dilijan National Park
Discover the natural beauty of Dilijan National Park, a lush forested area located in the Tavush Province. Enjoy hiking through scenic trails, visit the picturesque Haghartsin Monastery, and relax in the tranquility of the park's serene landscapes.
9. Visit Garni Temple
Explore the ancient Hellenistic-style Garni Temple, located in the Kotayk Province. Admire the temple's well-preserved columns, pediments, and intricately carved reliefs. Learn about the temple's history and significance in Armenian culture.
10. Discover Jermuk
Experience the natural wonders of Jermuk, a resort town known for its hot springs and mineral waters. Relax in the healing thermal baths, explore the scenic Jermuk Waterfall, and indulge in spa treatments at the local resorts.
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Armenia has a diverse climate, with mountainous regions having a colder climate, while the lower-lying areas have a milder, Mediterranean-like climate. The country experiences four distinct seasons, with hot summers and cold winters.
Summer (June-August) temperatures can reach up to 35°C (95°F) in the low-lying areas, while the mountain regions have cooler temperatures, typically around 20°C (68°F)
Winter (December-February) temperatures can drop to -20°C (-4°F) in the mountain regions and around 0°C (32°F) in the low-lying areas.
Best Time to Visit
The best time to visit Armenia depends on your interests.
- For outdoor activities such as hiking and trekking, the best time to visit is from May to October, when the weather is mild and there is little snow on the ground.
- For skiing and winter sports, the best time to visit is from December to February, when the mountain regions receive heavy snowfall.
- For cultural and historical sightseeing, any time of the year is suitable as the majority of the attractions are indoor. It's worth noting that in the spring, the country is covered in blooming flowers, which makes it a perfect time for nature enthusiasts. Also, the fall is known to be one of the best times to visit as the country is covered in colorful leaves, making it a beautiful and unique experience.
Armenia has a wide variety of hotels, from luxury resorts to budget-friendly options. Visitors can find accommodation in major cities such as Yerevan, as well as in smaller towns and villages. Many hotels offer amenities such as swimming pools, spas, and restaurants.
Another option for visitors is staying in a guesthouse. These are often family-run and offer a more personal and authentic experience. Guesthouses are also available in major cities and smaller towns and villages, and they can provide a comfortable and affordable accommodation.
Homestays are a great way to experience the local culture and customs of Armenia. Visitors can stay with a local family and get a sense of the daily life in the country. Homestays can be arranged in most towns and villages and can offer a unique and immersive experience.
For more adventurous travelers, camping is a popular option for accommodation in Armenia. Visitors can camp in the country's national parks and other wilderness areas, and enjoy the beautiful natural scenery of Armenia. It's important to note that camping equipment needs to be brought from home as it is not widely available for rent in Armenia.
Hostels are also an option for budget-conscious travelers, and are more common in major cities such as Yerevan, Gyumri and Vanadzor. Hostels offer dormitory-style rooms and shared facilities such as kitchens and bathrooms.
Armenia has a well-developed public transportation system, which includes buses, minibuses (marshrutkas), and trains. Buses and minibuses are the most common form of public transportation, and they connect major cities and towns within the country. The train network connects Armenia with Georgia and Iran and is a convenient option for traveling to or from these countries.
Taxis are widely available in Armenia and can be found at taxi stands or hailed on the street. Taxis in Armenia are relatively affordable, but it's recommended to agree on a fare before starting the journey as some drivers may take advantage of tourists.
Renting a car is also an option for visitors to Armenia, which can be a good way to explore the country's remote areas and scenic routes. Visitors should be aware that the road conditions can vary and the driving itself can be challenging. It's also important to note that traffic laws are not always strictly enforced, so extra caution is needed when driving.
Bicycle is also a good way to explore the country's remote areas and scenic routes, particularly in the summer time. Bicycle rental is available in some cities, but it's not as popular as other options.
Domestic flights are also available in Armenia, which can be a good option for traveling to remote areas of the country that are not easily accessible by other means of transportation. It's also a good option for travelers looking to save time and get around the country quickly.
- The official currency of Armenia is the Armenian Dram (AMD).
Cash And Cards
- It is recommended to carry cash in Armenia as not all places accept cards.
- Visa and Mastercard are widely accepted in hotels, restaurants, and larger shops.
- It is advisable to inform your bank about your travel plans to avoid any issues with using your cards.
- ATMs are widely available in major cities and tourist areas.
- It is recommended to use ATMs attached to banks to ensure security.
- Make sure to have some cash on hand as backup in case of any issues with ATMs.
- Tipping is not mandatory in Armenia, but it is appreciated for good service.
- It is common to leave a small amount as a tip, around 10% of the total bill.
Cost Of Living
- The cost of living in Armenia is relatively low compared to many other countries.
- Accommodation, transportation, and dining out are generally affordable.
- However, prices may be higher in touristy areas.
- Be cautious of pickpockets in crowded tourist areas.
- Beware of individuals offering to exchange currency on the street, as they may try to scam you with unfair rates.
- It is recommended to use official exchange offices or banks for currency exchange.