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Bamyan, Afghanistan
Bamyan, Afghanistan

Bamyan

Bamyan, located in the central highlands, is one of the oldest cities in the country and is widely known for the giant, ancient Buddha statues that were carved into the side of a cliff.
Photo by Nasim Dadfar

AFGHANISTAN

Asia

AFGHANISTAN

Asia

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Key facts

Capital: Kabul

Location: Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran

Government: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Currency: afghanis (AFA)

Area: 652,230 sq km

Population: 37,466,414 (July 2021 est.)

Languages: Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 78% (Dari functions as the lingua franca), Pashto (official) 50%, Uzbek 10%, English 5%, Turkmen 2%, Urdu 2%, Pashayi 1%, Nuristani 1%, Arabic 1%, Balochi 1%, other <1% (2017 est.)

Religion: Muslim 99.7% (Sunni 84.7 - 89.7%, Shia 10 - 15%), other 0.3% (2009 est.)

TimeZone: UTC+4.5

Tel Code: +93

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