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Location:north-eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea
Currency:Sudanese pounds (SDG)
Area:1,861,484 sq km
Population:46,751,152 (July 2021 est.)
Languages:Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur
Religion:Sunni Muslim, small Christian minority
Things to Do
1. Pyramids of Meroe
Visit the ancient pyramids of Meroe, an UNESCO World Heritage site. These pyramids date back to the Kushite Kingdom and offer a glimpse into Sudan's rich history.
2. Diving in Port Sudan
Explore the underwater world of the Red Sea in Port Sudan. With crystal clear waters and vibrant coral reefs, this diving spot is a must-visit for any diving enthusiasts.
3. Nubian Village Tour
Experience the traditional Nubian culture by taking a tour of a Nubian Village. Learn about their customs, traditions, and taste authentic Nubian cuisine.
4. Whirling Dervishes Ceremony
Witness the mesmerizing Whirling Dervishes Ceremony, a spiritual dance performed by Sufis. This unique cultural experience will leave you in awe.
5. Meroe Archaeological Site
Explore the ruins of the ancient city of Meroe, another UNESCO World Heritage site. Discover the royal pyramids, temples, and other structures that showcase the civilization of the Kingdom of Kush.
6. Sailing on the Nile
Embark on a relaxing boat trip along the Nile River. Enjoy the scenic views, spot wildlife, and immerse yourself in the tranquility of the surroundings.
7. Jebel Barkal
Hike to the top of Jebel Barkal, a sacred mountain in Sudan. From the summit, you'll have panoramic views of the surrounding desert and ancient archaeological sites.
8. Meroe National Park
Visit Meroe National Park, home to diverse wildlife and natural beauty. Take a safari tour to spot elephants, giraffes, and other fascinating animals.
9. Sudan National Museum
Explore the Sudan National Museum in Khartoum, which houses a collection of archaeological artifacts and ancient Egyptian treasures.
10. Tuti Island
Escape the bustling city and relax on Tuti Island, a small island located in the Nile River. Enjoy nature walks and picnics surrounded by beautiful scenery.
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Sudan has a diverse climate, with hot and dry desert in the north and tropical rainforest in the south. The best time to visit Sudan depends on the specific region and the type of activities you plan to do.
Dry Season (November to February)
During the dry season, the weather is mild and pleasant, making it the ideal time for sightseeing and exploring the ancient pyramids and ruins in the north. The temperature during this time ranges from 20-30°C.
Rainy Season (June to September)
The rainy season is the best time to visit the south of Sudan, where there is lush vegetation and wildlife. This is also the best time for bird watching and fishing. However, it can be challenging to travel during this time due to heavy rainfall and muddy roads.
Hot Season (March to May)
The hot season is characterized by high temperatures, reaching up to 40°C in some parts of the country. This may not be the best time to visit, but if you're looking for an adventure in the desert, this is the time to go.
Note: Sudan is currently under US sanctions and it is not recommended to travel there.
Sudan offers a range of accommodation options for travelers, from budget-friendly guesthouses to luxury hotels. However, it's worth noting that due to US sanctions, tourism infrastructure is limited and many hotels are closed.
Sudan's capital city, Khartoum, offers a variety of hotel options, including international chains and local options. Luxury hotels can be found in Khartoum and other major cities, offering amenities such as swimming pools, fitness centers, and restaurants.
Guesthouses and Bed and Breakfasts
Guesthouses and bed and breakfasts are a more affordable option and can be found in cities and towns throughout Sudan. These accommodations are often run by local families and offer a more authentic experience.
Camping and Tented Accommodation
For those looking for an adventure, camping and tented accommodation is available in the desert and wilderness areas of Sudan. These options provide a unique way to experience the desert and are often organized by tour operators.
It is worth noting that due to the US sanctions, it is not recommended to travel to Sudan and tourism infrastructure is limited.
Sudan offers a variety of transportation options for travelers, including air, bus, and train. However, it's worth noting that due to US sanctions, transportation infrastructure is limited and some routes may not be operational.
Sudan's main airport is Khartoum International Airport, which offers flights to destinations within Sudan and other countries in the region. However, due to the US sanctions, many international airlines have suspended flights to Sudan, and those that operate do so on a limited schedule.
Bus transportation is widely available in Sudan and is a popular option for travelers. Buses run between major cities and towns, but the service can be slow and uncomfortable.
Trains run between Khartoum and other major cities in Sudan, but service is limited and not always reliable.
Taxi and Car Rental
Taxis and car rental are also available in Sudan, but it's worth noting that driving can be challenging due to poor road conditions and lack of signage.
- The currency in Sudan is the Sudanese Pound (SDG).
- The exchange rate is approximately 1 USD = 55 SDG.
Cash And Cards
- It's best to carry cash in Sudan, as credit cards are not widely accepted.
- US dollars and Euros are the most commonly accepted currencies for exchange.
- ATMs are scarce, especially outside major cities.
- ATMs in Sudan are limited, especially outside major cities.
- It's advisable to carry enough cash with you when traveling to remote areas.
- Tipping is not expected in Sudan, but it's appreciated for exceptional service.
- If you wish to tip, small amounts of local currency are preferred.
Cost Of Living
- The cost of living in Sudan is relatively low compared to Western countries.
- Accommodation, food, and transportation are affordable, especially in smaller towns and rural areas.
- Be cautious of street vendors who might try to overcharge you.
- Avoid exchanging money on the black market, as it is illegal and can lead to scams.
- Always negotiate prices beforehand, especially for taxi rides or souvenirs.