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Location:Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia
Currency:Somali shillings (SOS)
Area:637,657 sq km
Population:12,094,640 (July 2021 est.)
Languages:Somali (official, according to the 2012 Transitional Federal Charter), Arabic (official, according to the 2012 Transitional Federal Charter), Italian, English
Religion:Sunni Muslim (Islam) (official, according to the 2012 Transitional Federal Charter)
Things to Do
1. Visit Mogadishu
Explore the capital city of Somalia with its vibrant markets, historical landmarks, and beautiful beaches.
2. Go camel trekking in Puntland
Embark on an unforgettable journey through the picturesque deserts of Puntland on the back of a camel.
3. Discover the ruins of Barawa
Step back in time as you explore the ancient ruins of Barawa, a city that was once a major trading port in medieval times.
4. Relax on the beaches of Kismayo
Unwind on the pristine white-sand beaches of Kismayo and enjoy the crystal-clear waters of the Indian Ocean.
5. Hike to Mount Shimbiris
Challenge yourself by hiking to the highest peak in Somalia, Mount Shimbiris, and enjoy panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.
6. Explore the Mogadishu Cathedral
Visit the iconic Mogadishu Cathedral, a historical landmark that showcases a mix of Islamic and Italian architectural styles.
7. Take a boat trip to the Bajuni Islands
Embark on a boat trip to the beautiful Bajuni Islands, a hidden gem with pristine beaches and vibrant coral reefs.
8. Experience traditional Somali cuisine
Indulge in the rich flavors of traditional Somali cuisine, including dishes like bariis iskukaris (Somali-style rice) and camel meat stew.
9. Visit the Laas Geel rock art site
Discover the fascinating rock art at the Laas Geel site, which features ancient paintings dating back thousands of years.
10. Go diving in the waters of the Indian Ocean
Explore the vibrant marine life of the Indian Ocean through scuba diving or snorkeling in the waters off the coast of Somalia.
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The climate of Somalia is primarily a hot desert climate, with hot and dry conditions year-round. The country has two main seasons: the dry season and the rainy season. The dry season, which lasts from December to April, is characterized by little to no rainfall and high temperatures. The rainy season, which lasts from May to November, is characterized by moderate to heavy rainfall and cooler temperatures.
Temperatures in Somalia can reach as high as 40°C (104°F) during the dry season, and can drop to as low as 20°C (68°F) during the rainy season. Coastal areas have a more moderate climate with consistent temperatures around 30°C (86°F) throughout the year, due to the cooling effect of the sea.
It is worth noting that due to the US sanctions, it is not recommended to travel to Somalia and transportation infrastructure is limited.
- The currency of Somalia is the Somali shilling (SOS).
- It is recommended to carry US dollars in small denominations and exchange them for Somali shillings at local exchange offices or banks.
Cash And Cards
- Cash is the primary form of payment in Somalia.
- Credit cards are not widely accepted, so it is advisable to carry sufficient cash.
- It is recommended to keep smaller denominations of Somali shillings for easier transactions.
- ATMs are not widely available in Somalia.
- It is recommended to withdraw cash at international banks or exchange offices in major cities.
- Tipping is not customary in Somalia, but it is appreciated for exceptional service.
- Small tips can be given to hotel staff, tour guides, and taxi drivers if desired.
Cost Of Living
- The cost of living in Somalia is relatively low, especially compared to Western countries.
- Accommodation, food, and transportation are generally affordable.
- Be cautious of street vendors and unofficial money changers who may offer unfavorable exchange rates.
- Avoid sharing personal or financial information with strangers.
- Be wary of scams or schemes that promise quick money or unrealistic investment opportunities.