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Location:Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon
Area:923,768 sq km
Population:219,463,862 (July 2021 est.)
Languages:English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages
Religion:Muslim 53.5%, Roman Catholic 10.6%, other Christian 35.3%, other .6% (2018 est.)
Things to Do
1. Visit Olumo Rock
Olumo Rock is a historical attraction located in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. It is a granite outcrop that served as a natural fortress during inter-tribal wars in the ancient times. Visitors can climb to the top of the rock and enjoy panoramic views of the city.
2. Explore Yankari Game Reserve
Yankari Game Reserve is a wildlife park located in Bauchi State, Nigeria. It is home to various species of wildlife, including elephants, lions, buffalos, and hippos. Visitors can take safari tours, go bird watching, or relax in the natural warm springs within the reserve.
3. Experience Lekki Conservation Centre
Lekki Conservation Centre is a nature reserve located in Lagos State, Nigeria. It is known for its canopy walkway, which is the longest in Africa. Visitors can explore the reserve's diverse flora and fauna, spot monkeys and other animals, and enjoy picnics in the serene environment.
4. Visit Nike Art Gallery
Nike Art Gallery is a renowned art gallery located in Lagos, Nigeria. It houses a vast collection of Nigerian artworks, including paintings, sculptures, and textiles. Visitors can admire the art pieces, learn about Nigerian culture, and even purchase unique artworks.
5. Go Gorilla Tracking in Cross River National Park
Cross River National Park is a national park located in Cross River State, Nigeria. It is home to the endangered Cross River gorillas, as well as other primate species, birds, and butterflies. Visitors can join guided tours to track the gorillas and learn about conservation efforts.
6. Visit Tarkwa Bay Beach
Tarkwa Bay Beach is a popular beach destination located near Lagos, Nigeria. It is known for its clear waters, sandy shores, and relaxing atmosphere. Visitors can swim, sunbathe, and enjoy water sports such as jet skiing and banana boat rides.
7. Explore Aso Rock
Aso Rock is a prominent rock outcrop located in Abuja, Nigeria. It is the largest rock in Nigeria and serves as the country's seat of power, housing the Nigerian Presidential Complex. Visitors can admire the rock's imposing presence and explore the surrounding area.
8. Go Hiking in Obudu Mountain Resort
Obudu Mountain Resort is a mountain retreat located in Cross River State, Nigeria. It offers scenic views of the surrounding mountains and valleys. Visitors can go hiking along the resort's trails, explore the waterfalls, or take a cable car ride to the mountaintop.
9. Visit Aso Villa
Aso Villa is the official residence and workplace of the President of Nigeria. Located in Abuja, Nigeria's capital, it is a symbol of political power and authority. Visitors can take guided tours to learn about the country's political system and see the presidential residence from a distance.
10. Explore Erin Ijesha Waterfalls
Erin Ijesha Waterfalls, also known as Olumirin Waterfalls, is a natural wonder located in Osun State, Nigeria. It is a series of cascading waterfalls surrounded by lush vegetation. Visitors can hike up to the waterfalls and swim in the refreshing natural pools.
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Nigeria has a tropical climate, with two distinct seasons: the dry season and the rainy season. The dry season typically runs from November to March, while the rainy season runs from April to October.
Temperatures in Nigeria remain relatively consistent throughout the year, with average temperatures ranging from 25°C to 32°C (77°F to 90°F). The hottest months are typically February and March, while the coolest months are July and August.
Best Time to Visit
The best time to visit Nigeria depends on your travel preferences and itinerary. If you're interested in wildlife viewing or outdoor activities, the dry season is typically the best time to visit, as the weather is sunny and there is less rainfall. However, keep in mind that temperatures can be quite hot during this time.
If you're more interested in cultural events and festivals, the rainy season may be a better time to visit, as many festivals take place during this time. The rainy season can also be a good time to visit if you're looking to avoid crowds and get a more authentic look at daily life in Nigeria.
Overall, the best time to visit Nigeria is from November to February, when the weather is generally dry and mild. It's important to pack for hot temperatures and to be prepared for occasional rain showers, especially if you're traveling during the rainy season.
Hotels are the most common type of accommodation in Nigeria, and can range from budget options to luxury properties. Many international hotel chains have a presence in major Nigerian cities, including Lagos and Abuja.
Guesthouses are a popular option for budget-conscious travelers, and can offer a more local and authentic experience. Many guesthouses are family-owned and operated, and may provide meals and other services for an additional fee.
Hostels are a great option for backpackers and budget travelers, and can be found in major cities like Lagos and Abuja. They often offer dormitory-style accommodations as well as private rooms.
Airbnb is becoming an increasingly popular option in Nigeria, especially in cities like Lagos and Abuja. It can be a good option for those looking for a more local experience and the opportunity to stay in unique and interesting properties.
For longer stays or those who prefer more space and amenities, serviced apartments can be a good option. They offer the convenience of a hotel with the comfort of a home, and are often located in prime areas.
For a more luxurious experience, resorts are a great option. Nigeria has a range of beach and nature resorts, often located in scenic areas and offering a range of activities and amenities.
Taxis are a common form of transportation in Nigeria, especially in cities like Lagos and Abuja. Taxis can be hailed on the street or booked through ride-hailing apps like Uber and Bolt. It's important to negotiate the fare with the driver before getting in, as many taxis do not use meters.
Buses are another common form of transportation in Nigeria, and are often the most affordable option. There are both private and government-owned bus companies that operate in major cities, and routes may be posted in bus stations or online.
Nigeria has a limited railway network, but it is currently undergoing expansion and improvement. Currently, there are train services available between Lagos and Kano, as well as between Lagos and Ibadan.
For longer distances or travel between different regions, flights can be a convenient option. Nigeria has several major airports, including Murtala Muhammed International Airport in Lagos and Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport in Abuja.
Car rental is available in major Nigerian cities, but it can be expensive and may not be the most practical option for all travelers. It's important to research the rental company and road conditions before renting a car.
Motorcycles, or okadas, are a common form of transportation in Nigeria, especially in cities where traffic can be congested. However, safety can be a concern with this form of transportation, as helmets are not always provided and accidents can be common.
- The currency in Nigeria is the Nigerian Naira (NGN).
- Credit cards are widely accepted in major cities, but it is always good to carry some cash for smaller shops and markets.
Cash And Cards
- It is recommended to carry a mix of cash and cards in Nigeria.
- Visa and Mastercard are widely accepted, but it is always good to have some cash on hand for smaller establishments.
- ATMs are available in major cities and tourist areas.
- ATMs are widely available in major cities and tourist areas in Nigeria.
- Make sure to use ATMs located in well-lit areas and avoid using ATMs late at night.
- It is advisable to inform your bank about your travel plans to avoid any issues with ATM withdrawals.
- Tipping is not mandatory in Nigeria, but it is appreciated for good service.
- In restaurants, a 10% tip is customary if the service charge is not included.
- Tipping taxi drivers and hotel staff is also appreciated.
Cost Of Living
- The cost of living in Nigeria varies depending on the city.
- Major cities like Lagos and Abuja are generally more expensive compared to rural areas.
- Accommodation, transportation, and dining out can be relatively affordable, but luxury items and imported goods can be expensive.
- Be cautious of scams in Nigeria, especially in tourist areas.
- Common scams include fake tour guides, overcharging for goods or services, and pickpocketing.
- It is recommended to use reputable tour operators and be aware of your surroundings.