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Massawa is a port city in Eritrea, on Africa's Red Sea coast. In the old town, on Massawa Island, a mix of Italian, Egyptian and Ottoman architecture reflects the city's colorful history.


Massawa is a port city in Eritrea, on Africa's Red Sea coast. In the old town, on Massawa Island, a mix of...

Top 10 Things You Didn't know About Eritrea
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Eritrea Travel Information

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Key facts




Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan


nakfa (ERN)


117,600 sq km


6,147,398 (July 2021 est.)


Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages


Sunni Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant



Tel Code:


Things to Do

  • 1. Asmara City Tour

    Explore the capital city of Eritrea, known for its well-preserved Italian colonial buildings and vibrant markets.

  • 2. Diving in the Red Sea

    Discover the beautiful underwater world of the Red Sea, famous for its colorful coral reefs and diverse marine life.

  • 3. Visit to the Dahlak Islands

    Take a boat trip to the Dahlak Islands and enjoy the pristine beaches, crystal-clear waters, and untouched natural beauty.

  • 4. Hiking in the Semien Mountains

    Embark on a challenging hike in the stunning Semien Mountains, home to diverse wildlife and breathtaking landscapes.

  • 5. Keren Market Experience

    Immerse yourself in the vibrant atmosphere of Keren Market, where you can shop for traditional handicrafts and taste local delicacies.

  • 6. Biking in Massawa

    Rent a bike and explore the charming streets of Massawa, known for its Ottoman-style architecture and historical sites.

  • 7. Visit to the Adulis Archaeological Site

    Step back in time at the ancient port city of Adulis, a UNESCO World Heritage Site with fascinating ruins and artifacts.

  • 8. Camel Trekking in the Gash-Barka Region

    Experience the nomadic way of life by joining a camel trekking expedition in the vast Gash-Barka Region.

  • 9. Birdwatching in the Danakil Depression

    Spot a wide variety of bird species in the unique and otherworldly landscapes of the Danakil Depression.

  • 10. Camping in the Dahlak Marine National Park

    Set up camp on one of the pristine islands of Dahlak Marine National Park and indulge in a night under the stars.



Eritrea has a diverse climate, with different regions experiencing different weather patterns. The coastal regions have a hot and dry desert climate, with temperatures averaging around 30°C (86°F) year-round. The highlands have a more moderate climate, with temperatures averaging around 20°C (68°F) and with more rainfall.

Best time to visit

The best time to visit Eritrea depends on what you want to see and do. If you want to enjoy the beach and the Red Sea, the best time to visit is from October to May, when the weather is cooler and more comfortable for swimming and other activities. If you want to explore the highlands and the mountains, the best time to visit is from June to September, when the weather is milder and there is more rainfall. Avoid the rainy season from June to September if you plan to visit the coastal region, as it can be very hot and humid.




Injera is a traditional flatbread made from teff flour, a staple of Eritrean cuisine. It has a spongy texture and a slightly sour flavor, perfect for soaking up savory stews and sauces.



Zigni is a spicy, aromatic beef stew made with onions, tomatoes, and a blend of traditional spices like berbere. It's often served with injera and is a favorite dish for special occasions and gatherings.



Firfir is a flavorful dish made with shredded injera mixed with berbere sauce, spices, and often served with scrambled eggs. It's a popular breakfast dish that's both savory and satisfying.



Shiro is a smooth and creamy chickpea or lentil stew, seasoned with fragrant spices and often served with injera. It's a comforting and hearty dish enjoyed by many Eritrean families.



Ful is a flavorful stew made from mashed fava beans, seasoned with olive oil, garlic, and other aromatic spices. It's often enjoyed for breakfast and is a nutritious and filling start to the day.


Eritrea offers a variety of accommodation options for visitors, ranging from budget-friendly options to luxury resorts.


Eritrea has a number of hotels in the major cities and tourist destinations, such as Asmara, Massawa, and Keren. These range from budget-friendly options to luxury resorts. Many of the hotels in Asmara offer well-preserved colonial architecture and a taste of the Italian colonial era.


Guesthouses are another popular option for budget-conscious travelers. These are often family-run and offer a more authentic experience of Eritrean culture and hospitality. Guesthouses are widely available in the major cities and tourist destinations.


Camping is also an option for visitors looking to explore Eritrea's natural beauty. Visitors can bring their own camping gear or rent it locally. There are also camping sites with basic amenities like toilets and showers available.


Eritrea also offers a number of luxury resorts, which are ideal for visitors looking for a more upscale experience. These resorts offer amenities such as swimming pools, spa services, and fine dining. Some of the resorts are located on the beach and offer activities such as swimming, snorkeling, and diving.


Experience the real Eritrean culture by staying with a local family, Homestays are a great way to get to know the local culture and people. They can give you a unique insight and an authentic experience of the local lifestyle, customs, and food.


Eritrea offers a variety of transportation options for visitors, including public transportation, private taxis, and car rentals.

Public Transportation

Public transportation in Eritrea is limited, but it is still possible to get around using minibuses and shared taxis. These are cheap and convenient, but can be crowded and uncomfortable.

Private Taxis

Private taxis are widely available in the major cities and tourist destinations, and are a more comfortable option than public transportation. They are also more expensive, but offer more flexibility and convenience.

Car Rentals

Car rentals are also available in Eritrea, but they are more expensive than private taxis. They offer more freedom and flexibility, and are ideal for visitors who want to explore the country on their own.


Buses are available in Eritrea and connect most of the major cities and towns, they are often old, uncomfortable, and crowded.

Air transportation

Eritrea has only one international airport, Asmara International Airport, which connects the country to several destinations in the Middle East, Africa and Europe. There are also domestic flights that connect Asmara to other major cities like Massawa, and Assab.



  • The currency of Eritrea is the Eritrean Nakfa (ERN).
  • Credit cards are not widely accepted, so it's best to carry cash in Nakfas.

Cash And Cards

  • It's recommended to carry cash in small denominations as it can be difficult to get change for larger bills.
  • In some areas, especially in rural regions, cash may be the only accepted form of payment.


  • ATMs are not widely available in Eritrea, especially outside major cities.
  • It's advisable to withdraw enough cash before traveling to remote areas.


  • Tipping is not customary in Eritrea.
  • However, it is appreciated if you leave a small amount as a gesture of gratitude for exceptional service.

Cost Of Living

  • Eritrea is generally an affordable destination, with low prices for accommodation, transport, and food.
  • However, prices may vary in tourist areas.


  • Be cautious of street vendors who may try to overcharge tourists.
  • It's advisable to negotiate prices before making a purchase.