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Giza pyramids, Egypt
Giza pyramids, Egypt

Camel rides at sunset

The Pyramids of Giza are the largest and most recognizable pyramid structures in the world. They were built to honor certain Pharaohs of the fourth ruling dynasty of Egypt during a period known as the Old Kingdom.
Photo by Simon Berger

EGYPT

Africa

EGYPT

Africa

Keyfacts icon

Key facts

Capital: Cairo

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula

Government: Arab Republic of Egypt

Currency: Egyptian pounds (EGP)

Area: 1,001,450 sq km

Population: 106,437,241 (July 2021 est.)

Languages: Arabic (official), English, and French widely understood by educated classes

Religion: Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2015 est.)

TimeZone: UTC+2

Tel Code: +20

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