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Location:Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula
Currency:Egyptian pounds (EGP)
Area:1,001,450 sq km
Population:106,437,241 (July 2021 est.)
Languages:Arabic (official), English, and French widely understood by educated classes
Religion:Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2015 est.)
Things to Do
1. Pyramids of Giza
Explore the ancient Pyramids of Giza, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Marvel at the remarkable architecture and learn about the rich history of ancient Egypt.
2. Luxor Temple
Visit the stunning Luxor Temple, a grand temple complex dedicated to the Egyptian gods. Admire the intricately carved statues and pillars as you immerse yourself in the splendor of ancient Egyptian culture.
3. Karnak Temple
Discover the majestic Karnak Temple Complex, the largest ancient religious site in the world. Marvel at the massive columns and intricate hieroglyphics that adorn the temple walls.
4. Valley of the Kings
Embark on a journey to the Valley of the Kings, the burial ground of many pharaohs and powerful nobles. Explore the intricately decorated tombs and learn about the fascinating stories of ancient Egyptian rulers.
5. Abu Simbel Temples
Witness the awe-inspiring Abu Simbel Temples, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. These colossal rock temples were built by Pharaoh Ramses II and are known for their massive statues and intricate carvings.
6. The Egyptian Museum
Immerse yourself in the world of ancient Egypt at The Egyptian Museum in Cairo. Discover the treasures of Tutankhamun, including his famous gold mask, and learn about the fascinating history of the pharaohs.
7. Nile River Cruise
Embark on a magical journey along the Nile River, the lifeline of Egypt. Cruise past ancient temples and villages, and soak in the breathtaking views of the Nile's lush landscapes.
8. Diving in the Red Sea
Discover the underwater wonders of the Red Sea through diving or snorkeling. Swim alongside colorful coral reefs, encounter diverse marine life, and explore sunken shipwrecks.
9. Siwa Oasis
Escape to the tranquil Siwa Oasis, located in the heart of the Egyptian desert. Indulge in traditional mud baths, visit the ancient ruins of Cleopatra's Bath, and witness stunning desert landscapes.
10. White Desert
Experience the surreal beauty of the White Desert, a unique natural wonder in Egypt. Marvel at the white chalk rock formations that resemble a snowy landscape, and enjoy camping under the starry sky.
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Climate in Egypt
Egypt has a desert climate, with hot summers and mild winters. The temperature in the summer can reach up to 40°C (104°F) in the daytime and can drop to around 20°C (68°F) at night. In the winter, the temperature ranges from around 15°C (59°F) to 25°C (77°F) during the day, and can drop to around 5°C (41°F) at night.
Best Time to Visit Egypt
The best time to visit Egypt is in the spring (March to May) and the fall (September to November) when the weather is pleasant and not too hot. During these months, the temperature ranges from around 20°C (68°F) to 30°C (86°F) during the day, and is comfortable for sightseeing and outdoor activities.
Winter (December to February)
Winter also be a good time to visit as the weather is mild and the crowds are fewer. However, some tourist sites, such as the Abu Simbel temples, may be closed during the winter.
Summer (June to August)
Summer be very hot and dry, making it less ideal for outdoor activities, but it is the peak tourist season and the best time to experience the vibrant atmosphere of the country.
It's worth noting that Egypt is a desert country, and it can be very hot and dry. It's essential to take precautions and drink plenty of water to stay hydrated. Also, it's recommended to avoid the hottest hours of the day (from 11 am to 3 pm) and wear loose and light-colored clothing.
Egypt offers a wide range of luxurious accommodation options, such as five-star hotels and resorts, which are located in key tourist destinations like Cairo, Luxor, and Sharm El-Sheikh. These hotels offer amenities such as spas, swimming pools, and fine dining restaurants, and are ideal for those looking for a more upscale and comfortable stay.
There are also many mid-range hotels and resorts available in Egypt, which offer comfortable accommodation at more affordable prices. These hotels are located in popular tourist destinations and offer amenities such as swimming pools and restaurants. They are ideal for those looking for a comfortable stay without breaking the bank.
Egypt also offers a wide range of budget-friendly accommodation options, such as hostels, guesthouses, and budget hotels. These accommodation options are basic but offer comfortable and clean rooms at affordable prices. They are ideal for backpackers and budget-conscious travelers.
Camping and Glamping
For those looking for a unique and adventurous way to experience Egypt, camping and glamping options are available in the desert. These options offer a chance to experience the natural beauty of the desert and to sleep under the stars. They are ideal for those looking to escape the hustle and bustle of the city and to immerse themselves in the natural beauty of Egypt.
Another alternative is to experience local hospitality and culture by staying with a local family in their home, known as a homestay. This can be a great way to learn about local customs and traditions, as well as to get a taste of Egyptian home-style cooking. Homestays are available in many cities and villages and can be arranged through local tour operators or online platforms.
Egypt has several international airports, including Cairo International Airport, Hurghada International Airport, Luxor International Airport, and Sharm El-Sheikh International Airport, which receive flights from major cities around the world. From there, domestic flights are available to other destinations within Egypt.
Bus and Microbus
Buses and microbuses are widely available and are a cheap and convenient way to travel between cities and towns in Egypt. These buses are operated by several companies and offer different levels of comfort and amenities. They are a good option for budget travelers.
Trains in Egypt are operated by the Egyptian National Railways and connect many major cities, including Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, and Aswan. They are a comfortable and relatively cheap way to travel, but the schedule and route options may be limited.
Renting a car is a good option for travelers who prefer to have more flexibility and independence during their trip. There are many car rental companies in Egypt that offer a wide range of vehicles to suit different needs and budgets.
Taxis are widely available in Egypt and can be found at airports, train stations, and on the street. They are a convenient and relatively cheap way to get around cities and towns. However, it's recommended to agree on the fare before the trip, as some taxi drivers may try to overcharge tourists.
Cruising the Nile River on a traditional felucca sailboat or a luxury cruise ship is a great way to explore the ancient temples and monuments along the Nile, as well as to admire the lush green banks of the Nile. Also, it's possible to take a boat trip to explore some of the Nile Delta and the Red Sea coastal towns.
- The currency in Egypt is the Egyptian Pound (EGP).
- It's best to exchange currency at banks or official exchange offices.
- Credit cards are widely accepted in major hotels, restaurants, and shops, but it's advisable to carry cash for small establishments and street vendors.
- ATMs are available in most cities and tourist areas.
Cash And Cards
- It's recommended to carry a mix of cash and cards in Egypt.
- Cash is useful for smaller expenses and for use in remote areas where cards may not be accepted.
- Credit cards are widely accepted in major cities and tourist areas, but it's advisable to inform your bank of your travel plans to avoid any issues with card transactions.
- ATMs are commonly found in cities and tourist areas in Egypt.
- It's good to carry some cash as backup in case of any issues with ATMs or card transactions.
- Some ATMs may have withdrawal limits, so it's advisable to check with your bank regarding any withdrawal restrictions or fees.
- Tipping is a common practice in Egypt.
- It's customary to tip in restaurants, cafes, and for services such as hotel staff, tour guides, and drivers.
- The standard tip is around 10-15% of the bill or a few Egyptian pounds.
- It's also common to tip porters, bellboys, and housekeeping staff at hotels.
- Tip amounts can vary based on the level of service received.
Cost Of Living
- Egypt is generally an affordable destination for travelers.
- Prices for accommodation, food, transportation, and attractions are comparatively lower compared to many other countries.
- However, prices may be higher in popular tourist areas.
- It's advisable to have a budget in mind and plan accordingly to manage expenses.
- Like any other destination, Egypt has its share of scams that tourists should be aware of.
- Be cautious of individuals offering unsolicited help or services, as they may expect a tip or try to scam you.
- Avoid accepting invitations from strangers to visit shops or establishments, as they may pressure you into buying products or charge exorbitant prices.
- Use licensed tour guides and reputable travel agencies, and be wary of anyone offering tours or services at significantly lower prices than the market rate.