Elephants in Botswana
Elephants of Botswana
Botswana has the largest elephant population on the continent due to a number of reasons including tight protection and civil unrest in neighbouring countries. The relative difficulty in accessing the wildlife areas coupled with the military threat to poachers has allowed the elephant population in Botswana to grow.

Elephants of Botswana

Botswana has the largest elephant population on the continent due to a number of reasons including tight...

The Most Perfect Country in Africa | Botswana
Grasslands of Botswana
Grasslands of Botswana
Botswana is well known for having some of the best wilderness and wildlife areas on the African continent. 38% of its total land area are devoted to national parks, reserves and wildlife management areas.

Grasslands of Botswana

Botswana is well known for having some of the best wilderness and wildlife areas on the African continent. 38%...

Okavango Delta, Botswana
Okavango Delta
The Okavango Delta is a vast inland river delta in northern Botswana. It's known for its sprawling grassy plains, which flood seasonally, becoming a lush animal habitat.

Okavango Delta

The Okavango Delta is a vast inland river delta in northern Botswana. It's known for its sprawling grassy...

Botswana flag

Botswana Travel Information

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Key facts




Southern Africa, north of South Africa


pulas (BWP)


581,730 sq km


2,350,667 (July 2021 est.)


Setswana 77.3%, Sekalanga 7.4%, Shekgalagadi 3.4%, English (official) 2.8%, Zezuru/Shona 2%, Sesarwa 1.7%, Sembukushu 1.6%, Ndebele 1%, other 2.8% (2011 est.)


Christian 79.1%, Badimo 4.1%, other 1.4% (includes Baha'i, Hindu, Muslim, Rastafarian), none 15.2%, unspecified 0.3% (2011 est.)



Tel Code:


Things to Do

  • 1. Game Drive in Chobe National Park

    Embark on a thrilling game drive in the famous Chobe National Park. Explore the vast wilderness and spot iconic African wildlife such as elephants, lions, and giraffes.

  • 2. Okavango Delta Mokoro Excursion

    Experience the unique Okavango Delta by taking a traditional mokoro canoe excursion. Glide through the waterways of the delta and admire the breathtaking scenery and abundant birdlife.

  • 3. Visit the Makgadikgadi Pans

    Marvel at the vast expanse of the Makgadikgadi Pans, one of the largest salt pans in the world. Take a guided tour and learn about the unique ecosystem and fascinating wildlife.

  • 4. Explore the Central Kalahari Game Reserve

    Embark on an unforgettable adventure in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve. Discover the diverse wildlife, including cheetahs, wildebeests, and meerkats, in this remote and untouched wilderness.

  • 5. Visit the Tsodilo Hills

    Immerse yourself in the rich cultural heritage of the Tsodilo Hills. Explore the ancient rock art and hear the stories of the San people, who consider this site sacred.

  • 6. Victoria Falls Helicopter Tour

    Experience the awe-inspiring Victoria Falls from a different perspective with a helicopter tour. Soar above the majestic waterfall and marvel at its immense beauty and power.

  • 7. Mokolodi Nature Reserve Safari

    Embark on a safari adventure in the Mokolodi Nature Reserve. Spot a variety of wildlife, including rhinos, zebras, and antelopes, and learn about conservation efforts in Botswana.

  • 8. Explore the Tuli Block

    Discover the rugged beauty of the Tuli Block, a unique and remote wilderness area. Go on game drives, bush walks, and birdwatching excursions in this untamed landscape.

  • 9. Visit Gaborone Game Reserve

    Escape to the Gaborone Game Reserve and get a glimpse of Botswana's wildlife just outside the capital city. Spot zebras, giraffes, and various bird species in this urban oasis.

  • 10. Kalahari Desert Safari

    Embark on a thrilling safari adventure in the Kalahari Desert. Encounter unique desert-adapted wildlife and experience the tranquility of the vast sand dunes and open savannah.


Climate in Botswana

Botswana has a semi-arid climate, with hot summers and mild winters. The summer months (October to April) are characterized by high temperatures, with average daytime temperatures ranging from around 30°C (86°F) to 35°C (95°F). The winter months (May to September) are cooler, with average daytime temperatures ranging from around 20°C (68°F) to 25°C (77°F). Rainfall is generally low and unpredictable.

Best Time to Visit Botswana

The best time to visit Botswana depends on what you want to experience.

The Dry Season

The dry season, which runs from May to October, is the best time for wildlife viewing, as the animals congregate around water sources and are easier to spot. The vegetation is also less dense, making it easier to see the wildlife. The weather is also cooler and more comfortable for outdoor activities.

The Green Season

The green season, which runs from November to April, is a great time to visit if you want to experience the Okavango Delta at its most lush and green. The water levels are high, and the wildlife is spread out across the delta, making it a great time for boat safaris and mokoro trips. The weather is also warmer, and it's a great time for bird watching as many migratory birds are in the country.

It's worth noting that Botswana is a semi-arid country, and it can be very hot and dry. It's essential to take precautions and drink plenty of water to stay hydrated. Also, it's recommended to avoid the hottest hours of the day (from 11 am to 3 pm) and wear loose and light-colored clothing.




Seswaa is a traditional Botswana dish consisting of slow-cooked beef or goat meat, shredded and then pounded to a fine texture. The meat is cooked with salt and without water, resulting in a rich and succulent flavor. It is often served with pap, a thick porridge made from maize meal, and is a staple dish in many traditional Botswana celebrations.

Mopane Worms

Mopane Worms

Mopane Worms are a popular and protein-rich snack in Botswana. These large, edible caterpillars are harvested from mopane trees and can be enjoyed in many ways, including being dried, deep-fried, or stewed. They are known for their nutty flavor and are often enjoyed as a crunchy snack or as part of a larger meal.



Samp is a staple food in Botswana, made from dried corn kernels that are coarsely ground. It is often prepared by boiling the kernels until they are soft and then serving them as a side dish alongside meat or vegetable stews. The texture is hearty, and the flavor is slightly nutty, making it a comforting and filling accompaniment to many Botswana dishes.



Bogobe is a traditional porridge made from sorghum or maize meal in Botswana. It is often served as a hearty breakfast dish, and can also be enjoyed as a side dish with savory stews and curries. The porridge has a smooth and creamy texture, and its mild flavor makes it a versatile addition to many meals.

Seswaa and Pap

Seswaa and Pap

Seswaa and Pap is a classic Botswana combination, featuring the succulent shredded meat dish known as Seswaa alongside pap, a thick maize meal porridge. This hearty and comforting meal is a staple in Botswana cuisine, loved for its rich flavors, tender textures, and the way it brings people together around the dinner table.


Luxury Lodges and Tented Camps

Botswana offers a wide range of luxurious accommodation options, such as five-star lodges and tented camps, which are located in key wildlife destinations such as the Okavango Delta, Chobe National Park, and the Makgadikgadi Salt Pans. These lodges and camps offer amenities such as spas, swimming pools, and fine dining restaurants, and are ideal for those looking for a more upscale and comfortable stay.

Mid-range Lodges and Tented Camps

There are also many mid-range lodges and tented camps available in Botswana, which offer comfortable accommodation at more affordable prices. These lodges and camps are located in popular wildlife destinations and offer amenities such as swimming pools and restaurants. They are ideal for those looking for a comfortable stay without breaking the bank.

Budget Accommodation

Botswana also offers a wide range of budget-friendly accommodation options, such as budget lodges and campsites. These accommodation options are basic but offer comfortable and clean rooms or campsites at affordable prices. They are ideal for backpackers and budget-conscious travelers.

Mobile Camping

For those looking for a unique and adventurous way to experience Botswana, mobile camping options are available, particularly in the Okavango Delta. These options offer a chance to experience the natural beauty of the delta and to sleep under the stars, while moving through different campsites to see different parts of the delta. They are ideal for those looking to escape the hustle and bustle of the city and to immerse themselves in the natural beauty of Botswana.


Another alternative is to experience local hospitality and culture by staying with a local family in their home, known as a homestay. This can be a great way to learn about local customs and traditions, as well as to get a taste of Botswanan home-style cooking. Homestays are available in many rural communities and can be arranged through local tour operators or online platforms.


Air travel

Botswana has several international airports, including Sir Seretse Khama International Airport in Gaborone and Maun International Airport, which receive flights from major cities around the world. From there, domestic flights are available to other destinations within Botswana.

Road Transport

Road transportation is widely available in Botswana and is the most common way to travel between cities and towns. Buses and minibuses are the most popular options, and they offer different levels of comfort and amenities. Car rental is also available, and it's a good option for travelers who prefer to have more flexibility and independence during their trip.


Many safari companies in Botswana offer boat safari options, particularly in the Okavango Delta, which is a great way to explore the delta's channels and lagoons and to spot wildlife. The traditional mokoro (dugout canoe) is also a popular way to explore the delta.

Light aircraft

For those who want to explore more remote areas of Botswana, light aircraft are a great option. These small planes are perfect for accessing remote wilderness areas and for taking in aerial views of the landscapes.


Trains are not widely available in Botswana, and it's not a popular way of transportation.

It's worth noting that many of the destinations in Botswana are remote and may not be accessible by road, so air and boat transportation may be necessary to reach them. Also, it's recommended to check the road conditions before embarking on a road trip, as some roads may be impassable during the rainy season.



  • The official currency of Botswana is the Botswana Pula (BWP).
  • Major credit cards such as Visa and MasterCard are widely accepted in hotels, restaurants, and larger shops.
  • It is advisable to carry some cash for smaller establishments and local markets.

Cash And Cards

  • It is recommended to carry both cash and cards in Botswana.
  • Always keep small denominations of cash for smaller transactions and tips.
  • Notify your bank or credit card company about your travel plans to avoid any issues with card usage.


  • ATMs are widely available in major cities and towns in Botswana.
  • Visa and MasterCard are the most commonly accepted cards at ATMs.
  • It is advisable to withdraw cash during daytime and from reputable ATM machines.


  • Tipping is not mandatory in Botswana, but it is appreciated for good service.
  • In restaurants, a 10% tip is customary if the service was satisfactory.
  • It is common to tip safari guides, drivers, and hotel staff for excellent service.

Cost Of Living

  • Botswana has a relatively high cost of living compared to many other African countries.
  • Prices for accommodation, food, and activities can be higher, especially in tourist areas.
  • It is recommended to budget accordingly and plan for expenses in advance.


  • Be cautious of potential scams and always use common sense when dealing with strangers.
  • Beware of individuals offering unsolicited assistance or services.
  • Use reputable tour operators, taxi services, and accommodation providers to avoid scams and fraud.