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Location:Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia
Currency:Algerian dinars (DZD)
Area:2,381,740 sq km
Population:43,576,691 (July 2021 est.)
Languages:Arabic (official), French (lingua franca), Berber or Tamazight (official); dialects include Kabyle Berber (Taqbaylit), Shawiya Berber (Tacawit), Mzab Berber, Tuareg Berber (Tamahaq)
Religion:Muslim (official; predominantly Sunni) 99%, other (includes Christian and Jewish) <1% (2012 est.)
Things to Do
1. Hiking in the Atlas Mountains
Explore the stunning Atlas Mountains on a hike, taking in breathtaking views of valleys and peaks.
2. Exploring the Casbah of Algiers
Visit the historic Casbah of Algiers, a UNESCO World Heritage site, to admire its beautiful architecture and narrow streets.
3. Sahara Desert Camel Trek
Embark on a unique adventure and ride camels through the mesmerizing Sahara Desert, camping under the starry night sky.
4. Djemila Roman Ruins
Step back in time and explore the well-preserved Roman ruins of Djemila, showcasing ancient architecture and mosaics.
5. Timgad Archaeological Site
Discover the ancient Roman city of Timgad, known for its well-preserved ruins, including a theater, forum, and arches.
6. Tassili n'Ajjer National Park
Explore the rugged landscape of Tassili n'Ajjer National Park, home to stunning rock formations, prehistoric rock art, and sand dunes.
7. Cycling in Constantine
Enjoy a cycling tour around the picturesque city of Constantine, known for its beautiful bridges and cliffside views.
8. Beach Relaxation in Oran
Unwind and soak up the sun at the beautiful beaches of Oran, enjoying the vibrant atmosphere and clear blue waters.
9. Kabylia Mountains Trek
Embark on a trek through the scenic Kabylia Mountains, surrounded by breathtaking landscapes and traditional Berber villages.
10. Tlemcen City Tour
Explore the historic city of Tlemcen, visiting its impressive mosques, palaces, and the beautiful Grand Mosque of Tlemcen.
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Algeria has a diverse climate due to its vast size and varied topography. The country experiences hot summers and mild winters, with rainfall varying depending on the region. Here is a breakdown of the climate and the best time to visit Algeria.
- Coastal areas: The coastal areas of Algeria have a Mediterranean climate, with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. The average temperature in summer is around 30°C, while in winter, it is around 15°C.
- Desert areas: The desert areas of Algeria have a hot, arid climate with very little rainfall. The temperature can rise up to 50°C during the day and drop below freezing at night.
- Mountain areas: The mountainous regions of Algeria have a cool, temperate climate with snowfall in the winter months. The temperature in the summer is around 25°C, while in the winter, it can drop to -10°C.
Best time to visit
The best time to visit Algeria depends on the region you plan to visit.
- Coastal areas: The best time to visit the coastal areas of Algeria is between April and October when the weather is sunny and warm. The summer months of July and August can be very crowded.
- Desert areas: The best time to visit the Sahara Desert is between November and February when the temperature is cooler and more bearable. However, it's important to note that the temperature can still drop significantly at night, so bring warm clothing.
- Mountain areas: The best time to visit the mountainous regions of Algeria is between May and October when the weather is mild and pleasant. However, it's important to note that some roads may be closed due to snowfall in the winter months.
There are plenty of hotels in Algeria, ranging from budget to luxury options. Most major cities and tourist destinations have a good selection of hotels. Popular international chains, such as Sheraton and Hilton, also have a presence in Algeria.
Hostels are a popular option for budget travelers in Algeria. They offer shared dormitory rooms and sometimes private rooms at a lower cost than hotels. Hostels are a good option for backpackers or travelers on a tight budget.
Guesthouses are a popular choice for travelers who want a more local experience. They are often small, family-run businesses that offer a more personal touch. Guesthouses can range from basic to more luxurious options.
Airbnb is also available in Algeria, offering a range of options from private rooms to entire apartments and villas. This can be a good option for those who want to experience local life and have more space to themselves.
Camping is a popular option for those looking to explore the natural beauty of Algeria. Many national parks and natural reserves have campsites, and wild camping is allowed in some areas. It's important to be aware of local rules and regulations regarding camping.
Riads are traditional Moroccan-style houses that can be found in some parts of Algeria. They offer a unique and luxurious accommodation experience with a focus on traditional architecture and design. Riads are usually located in the historic parts of cities and towns.
Apartment rentals are another option for travelers who want more space and privacy. They are available in many major cities in Algeria and can be a good option for families or groups of friends traveling together.
Taxis are a popular way to get around in Algeria, particularly in the cities. There are two types of taxis: official and unofficial. Official taxis have a meter, while unofficial taxis do not. It's important to negotiate the fare before getting into an unofficial taxi.
Buses are a common form of public transportation in Algeria. They are an affordable option for getting around the cities and towns, and also for traveling between different regions. However, the buses can be crowded and uncomfortable, particularly during peak travel times.
Algeria has a well-developed railway network that connects major cities and towns. The trains are comfortable and affordable, with different classes of service available. The train journey can be a great way to see the countryside and experience local life.
Renting a car is a good option for travelers who want more flexibility and independence. Car rental agencies can be found at the major airports and in some cities. However, it's important to note that driving in Algeria can be challenging, particularly for those who are not used to the local driving conditions.
Shared taxis are a common form of transportation in Algeria, particularly in the rural areas. They are usually older cars that can fit up to six passengers. Shared taxis can be a good option for those traveling shorter distances or on a tight budget.
Motorcycles and scooters
Motorcycles and scooters are available for rent in some parts of Algeria. This can be a good option for those who want to explore the countryside and enjoy the scenery. However, it's important to note that the roads in Algeria can be in poor condition, and traffic can be chaotic.
For those traveling long distances or with limited time, domestic flights are a good option. Air Algeria is the national carrier, offering flights to most major cities and towns. The flights are comfortable and convenient, but can be expensive compared to other forms of transportation.
- The currency of Algeria is the Algerian Dinar (DZD).
Cash And Cards
- Cash is widely used in Algeria, especially in small towns and rural areas. Credit cards are accepted in major hotels, restaurants, and stores in bigger cities.
- ATMs are available in major cities and tourist areas. Make sure to have enough cash on hand when traveling to remote locations.
- Tipping is not mandatory in Algeria but is appreciated for good service. A 10% tip is customary in restaurants and cafes.
Cost Of Living
- The cost of living in Algeria is relatively low compared to other countries. Accommodation, transportation, and food prices are affordable.
- Be cautious of scams targeting tourists, such as overcharging for services or products. Always negotiate prices and be aware of your surroundings.